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MKULTRA Briefing Book 


Containing brief summaries 
of each of the 149 MKULTRA subprojects 


1 January 1976* 


399 pages 

(including cover sheet) 


* Note: Document is undated. This is an estimated publication date. 


released 



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SECfcT 


SUB- PROJECT NO. 1 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 

Princeton University 

OB£EOIVE AND ^ETAILS^OM^ T o isolate and characterize the 

alkaloids of impomea sidaplia choisy (rivea corymbosa); to 

identity and characterize the agents affecting the central 

literature search, chemically examine the seeds and their 
extracts for alkaloidal materials, and to determine specific 
methods for the isolation and purification of those alkaloids. 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1S53-I954 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None noted 

FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: Notional 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: 51 ,300 in Sterile Cashier Check 
^SEARCH-P ART I Cl PAN TU_ . Witting 

OTHERS . 'BFBU^had a Fellowship at Princeton during 
the time frame of this project. There is no indication in the 

flle that was associated with or aware of 

Agency participation. 

NANES -Of CIA MONITORS: Robert V. Lashbrook 


APPROVERS: Sidney Gottlieb 

Willis A. Gibbons 
Luis deFlorez 




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SUB-PROJECT NO. 2 (See also Nos. 124 and 140) 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 



OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: To do miscellaneous research and 

testing services in behavioral modification. Only two specific 
project proposals are contained in the file: The first is a pro- 

posal to study the possible synergistic action of drugs which may 
be appropriate for use in abolishing consciousness through animal 


experimentation, and, the second is a proposal for a survey of 
methods to enable the administration of drugs to patients without 
their knowledge. There is no record of project activity or 
results. Served as a contact and cut-out for projects in this 
field, primarily in the Also monitored 

selected projects located in the area and 
served as a general consultant and advi_ser. In addition, 

■■V acted as medical adviser and consultant to Mr. Morgan 
Hall. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1953-1958 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: Animal testing is indicated in project 

proposals as a precondition to human testing. Human testing 
implied but money only requested for animal testing. File does 
not indicate whether human testing occurred or 'whether it was 
to be on volunteers or non-vol unteers . As Morgan Hall believed 



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SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: (Continued) 

to have been doing testing on unwitting subjects, it is likely 
^ / 

that SBHB^v/as on call for problems encountered by 
Hall. 


FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: None 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $20,000 paid by check, both Treasury 

and Cashiers. 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 

SECRET, and on a contract basis 
OTHER SPONSORS: None indicated 


cleared TOP 


Witting. 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



Robert V. Lashbrook 
APPROVERS : Sidney Gottlieb 

Willis A. Gibbons 
C. V. S. -Roosevel t 


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K.. 


2 






Downgraded to ^ujpBjuL. 
date ' *yyn 


‘Ul V..'': r' 

eiTIAL , 


5. The total coat of this project is not to exceed 
$2000. CO for a period cf one year. Charges should be 
made against Allotment 6-2502-10-001. 

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is cleared through TOP SECRET. 


hle’f, TSS/ Chemical Division 


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Downgraded to T I A I 

by authority L 

date _ Q^fTiN 1977 


PROPOSAL 


U. 


Objective 
which may 


To study the possible synergistic action cf drug a 
e appropriate for use in abolishing consc iouor.ess . 


Situation : There is reason to believe that two c- 

** c u * -“0°/ 

used in combination, are more effective than single drugs. 

The .como ined ef^ec^ ol some drugs, suen as ccmcinaticns c? 
barbiturates, are known. With other combinations, she degree 
of synergism is not known. If considerable synergism is found 
to exist, two possibilities must.be considered: (l) that a 

particularly useful combination may be found, and (2) that a 
P a rticular combination may be hazardous because cf its effect 
on respiration or some other vital function. To minimize 
hazards,- animal experiments should nrecede human exneriments. 


Proposal : Allocation of $1000 for animal experiments, to be 

drawn -on as needed. That exneriments be conducted informally 
at Stanford without a specific grant, and with appropriate cover. 



Downgraded tiy' 
by authori 


UlllML' 



PROPOSAL 


Objective : To study methods for the administration of drugs 

without the knowledge of the patient. Preparation of a manual 

Method: A survey of methods which have been used by criminals 

for surreptitious administration of drugs. Analysis of the 
psychodynamics of situations of this nature. 

Proposal: That $1000 be allocated for this purpose, funds to 

be reauested as needed. 




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CONFIDENTIAL 




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SUB-PROJECT NO. 3 (See also Nos. 16, 42 and 149) 

S A 

PRI NCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATIONS : New York City and San 

Francisco 

OBJECTIVE AND D ETAILS OF WORK : Realistic field testing 

of R&D items of interest to TSS/CO. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1953-1956 

SIGNIF ICANT ASPECTS : This is the project that started the 

unwitting testing in New York. 

FUNDING: .$3,875 approved May 1953. Total: $8,875 in Cashier's 

C' Checks. 

' RESEA RCH PARTICIPANT : George White, aka Morgan Hall (alias) 

"a seaman." 

OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated. 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Sidney Gottlieb 

Robert V. Lashbrook 

APPROVERS : 

Willia A. Gibbons 
C.V.S. Roosevelt 




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SUB-PROJECTS NUMBERS 4, 15. AND iq 
PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND I nrflTrnw • 

All three of these projects ere 
to fund the contractor, a magician, to write a manual „„ the 

various aspects of the magicians' art which could be useful in 

covert operations. One aspect of this project was to develop 

skills which could be used by the working field case officer 

to surreptitiously place a pill or other item in an item to 

be consumed by a target personality - for example, a drinker. 

A contractor was employed under Sub-Project Mo. 34 to 

prepare a paper on magicians' techniques for the covert conmuni- 
cation of information. 

APP ROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1953-1954 

SIW ftCANT ASPECTS : One of the skills to be developed was 

the covert administration of drugs. 

FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: None 

A PPROXIMATE TOTAI ; $5,500, paid by sterile checks 

^SEmiffilCIPAMT: John Mu, ho, land. Nowhere in the file ' 

does it specify that..he is cleared and witting - however, the 
deduction that he was completely witting is inescapable. 

OTHER S PONSORS: None indicated 


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NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Sidney Gottlieb 

Robert V. Lashbrook 




APPROVERS : Sidney Gottlieb 

Willis A. Gibbons 
C. V. S. Roosevelt 
James H. Drum 
Luis deFlorez 


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SUB-PROJECT NO. 5 


S^ftT 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


University of Minnesota, 

Later the University of Denver 


OBJECTIVE AND DE TAILS OF WORK: Work apparently began with a 

demonstration in a hotel designed to 

demonstrate potentialities of hypnosis as a tool of the 
clandestine services". Following the successful demonstration 
this, eventually evolved into Sub-Project No. 5. Research in 
hypnosis was to determine if: hypnosis could be used as a memory 
enhancer, a learning aid, a polygraph deceiver, etc. Also, 
research into susceptibi 1 ity. of certain personality types' to 
hypnosis. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1953-1956 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM: Geschickter Fund 

APPROXIMATE iQTAL: $12,000 per year 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: None 

OTHER SPONSORS: None 

NAMES OF CIA MON I TORS : 


APPROVERS : Sidney Gottlieb 



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SUB-PROJECT NO. 6 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHERS AND LOCATIONS: Eli Lilly Company, 

Indianapolis, Indiana 

OBJECTIVES AND DETAILS OF WORK : 

1. To develop reliable source of LSD within the United 
States. 

2. To assist in the search for additional natural hypnotic 
products . 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1953-1955 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : Probably none. Object was to develop a 

domestic source for LSD. No testing was done. 

FUNDING: 

\ ■ 

COVER MECHANISM: None 

r 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $5,000 was approved but not expended 

as Eli Lilly Company did not charge for this- work. 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : WKK/KKKKK ( Eli Lil1y Com P an ^) " 
witting. 

OTHER SPONSOR : None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Sidney Gottlieb 



Robert V. Lashbrook 
APPROVERS : Willis A. Gibbons 

C.V.S. Roosevelt 
Luis de Florez 



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SUB-PROJECTS NUMBERS 7, 27 and 40 
PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOO ATTACK 


^r. narold A. Abramson, who 
sponsored work at two 
locations : 



This work started prior t0 

mum with RD-37 in , =52 and was carried forward with Sup-Projects 
1.53 1.54, 27, 1954-leoo, and 40, 1956. These projects seem 
to be the nucleus of the LSO program and the three were done at 
both locations. Dr. Abramson, as well as doing work himself, 
subcontracted research to other specialists. The first years' 

. work seemed aimed at characterizing the various effects of LSD 
With the aim of ultimately producing a manual for field use. 

During Sub-Project ho. 7, money was provided 'to sub-contract 
work in .be , ields of brain enzyme and nerve metabolism." As 
an indication of the scope: "Another psychiatrist will inde- 

pendently analyze the verbatim recordings in over 100 experiments 
in which LSD-25 has already been given." Sub-Projects tic. 27 
continued the earlier emphasis to understand the total effects 
Of LSD by studying ."tissue metabolism" and LSD influence on 
embryologies! development. In addition, work was undertaken to 
look .or LSD antidotes and blocking agents. Sub-Project Mo. 40 
continued the previous work and added aerosol delivery studies. 

Basic documents on each of the three projects are attac.ned. 



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APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: 


1952-1956 

The work appears to be the necessary 


basic research on a drug whose impact on society was just beginning 
The studies included the use of LSD in therapy. As far as is 
known, subjects in this experimentation were witting. Funds are 
included for the payment of subjects. Sub-Project No. 7 ' s 
proposal contains the following quotation: 

"One of the difficulties of determining explicitly 
the effect of the drug itself is that the subject 
and the observer are both conscious of the fact that 
an experiment is being performed. It is hoped that, 
in the next year, subjects on the 
who are essentially normal from a psychiatric point 
of view, will be given unwitting doses -of the drug 
for psychotherapeutic purposes. In this way more 
valuable experiments will probably be carried out 
in spite of hospital conditions." 

It is not known whether unwitting, in this case, meant fully 
unwitting or unwitting as to timing. It is also unknown 
whether unwitting doses were actually given. 

FUNDING : 

COVER M£CHANISM :,.-£°schickter Foundation for Medical 
Resea 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $205^000 




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RESEARCH PARTI CIPANTS : Dr. Harold A. Abramson, Witting. 

Dr. Abramson, 




, Unknown if Witting. 

Unknown if Witting. 

Unknown if Witting. 

Unknown if Witting. 

Unknown if Witting. 

Other names, believed to be clerical, 
were included. 

Money went to the institutions from whom the researchers drew 
salaries. As the funding was contributed through a cut-out, it 
is unlikely that the institutions' administrators as a group 
knew that the CIA was its ul timate source. 

^_SP0NS^: ■■■■■■■■I, Public Health Service, 

and Unknown if 

NAMES O F CIA MONITORS : Sidney Gottlieb 


APPROVERS: 


Luis deFlorez 
Willis A. Gibbons 
C.V.S. Roosevelt 


- 3 - 



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should like to enlist your aid, if I may, for 
continuation of the project along the following 
lines. 


1. Aerosol Studies. The therapy of 
individuals by means of aerosols is of great 
significance in medicine. A hitherto unexplored 
area of aerosols is the delivery of nebulizers 
using nonaqueous solvents. It is proposed that 
studies be made of organic materials in non- 
aqueous solvents and their mixtures with water oo 
determine nebulizer delivery over prolonged periods 
of therapy. (60 per cent of budget). 

2. As you know, the blocking of LSD 

reactions has been -claimed by many pharmaceutical 
houses, although none of these claims have really 
been substantiated. It is proposed that recent 
Investigations by me on tissue extracts be 
further explored with a view toward discovering 
what it is in these extracts that blocks the LSD 
reaction, keeping in mind possible application of 
these compounds to experimental and clinical 
psychoses in man. It is understood that this part 
of the project will be discontinued December 31* 
1956. (20 per cent of budget). 




3 - Continuation of studies on non- 
psychotic humans with a view toward maintaining 
a test group, as well as to provide experimental 
work in a frame of reference different' from that 
frame of,, reference incorporated by items 1. and 
2 . ^ of the foregoing. However, it shall be the 
primary purpose of the nonpsvchotic test group 
to test the results obtained by items 1. and 2. 
(20 per cent of budget). 

It is anticipated that the foregoing 
budget may be amplified by supplementary funds to 
be received from foundations.'* 

The following is the proposed budget. 
Owing to the uncertainty of olans for the fiscal 
year 1956-1957 , I should like, if possible, to 
have the privilege of utilizing the proposed 
budget to September 30 , 19 d 7 rather than to 
June 30, 1957. 


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Proposed Bud pet 




Salaries 

A. Professional 15,000 

1. Principal Investigator 8,500 

2. Biophysicist or 

^Physical Chemist 6, 500 


B. Technical 

1. Research Assistant 

2. Biologist 


7,950 

4,750 

3,200 


29,950 


C. Secretarial-Editorial 7,000 

Expendable Supplies ' • 1,550 

Fish, chemicals,, glassv;are, 
photography , telephone , 
stationery 


Experiments on Man- 

Payment of subjects, food, 
professional assistance 


4,000 


Travel 

Overhead 


1,000 

3,500 

40,000 


With many thanks and hoping for your 
continued support, I' am. 


Yours sincerely. 



Harold A. Abramson, M. D 


HAA:' 


f- 


WARNING 

SENSiTI' INTELLIGENCE 
SOURCES A* ETHODS INVOLVED 






memdrakdum, for tee record 

SUBJECT: Project MKULTRA, Subproject 7 


1- The scope of subproject 7 is intended to include the vork 
to be done with LSD end related materials by Dr. Harold A. Abramson 
at his two facilities for the period ending July 4, 1954. The project 
will continue to be handled through the Geschickter Foundation for 
cut-out and cover purposes. The proposal from Dr. Abramson to the 
Geschickter Foundation is attached to this memorandum. 

2. Emphasis will be placed in this coming year on translating the 
basic data obtained to date into operationally pertinent material along 
the following lines: 

Disturbance of Memory 
Discrediting by Aberrant Behavior 
Alteration of Sex Patterns 
Eliciting of Information 
Suggestibility 
Creation of Dependence 

It- is planned to have the second year's work culminate in a 
compendium of information cn this subject that will resemble an 
operational field manual as much as possible. All other CD/T33 project 
data that has a bearing on this subject will be used in the preparation 
of the manual. 



3- The sun of money listed under Dr. Abramson's budget includes 
work in the fields of brain enzyme work and nerve metabolism to be 
subcontracted to other- organizations. 


4. T he finds include" $ 45,650 for the project at 

$39,500 for Dr. Abramson's own project, and a ^ service 
charge for the Geschie-kter Foundation amounting to $1703-00. 
Therefore, the total cost of this investigation will not -exceed 
$86,8^3.00 for the period from July 5, 4953 to July 4, 1954-. 

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HAROLD A. ABRAMSON. M. □. 



Charles F. Geschickter, M. D. 

Geschickter Fund for Medical Research; Inc. 

I 83 V Connecticut Avenue , N. W. ■ 

Washington 9 , D. C. 

Dear Dr. Geschickter: 

May I acknowledge vith thanks the support of your 
Foundation for the previous year's -research on LSD25- I should 
like to take this opportunity to apply for suupori for the fiscal 
year July 5, 1953 to July 1954 to continue the research project 
on the effect of LSD25 on normal adults. The program for the 
following year is planned as follcvs: 


Content analysis of the present data vill he attempted 
by tvo psychiatrists. One of these psychiatrists vill be the 
psychiatrist assigned to the project itself. This psychiatrist 
has observed the phencmana. Another psychiatrist vill independently 
analyze the verbatim recordings in over 100 experiments in vhich 
LSD25 has already been given. A comparison of the tvo surveys vill 
be made to evaluate not only the effects of the drug but the technioue 
of the experimental procedures. The analysis of the data vill first 
concern itself vith the rav material and the significance of individ- 


ual and group responses based on the rav material as presented by 







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Dcv/ngradcd 
by authorit^^^^_4| 
'date '^7 


the verbatim, recordings. ^ . p-,tn ^^n». <n 77 

SECURITY INFORfl.'.TIQU ^ ^ — 

Simultaneous with the scrutiny of the raw material, 
further exoerinents on individual subjects will be carried out 


by the' 


psychologist who, using both projective and 


non-urojective media, forces exiemalizaf ion of the attitudes and 
conflicts of the personality v j>^ds~~rg?d43. y - n dr . ~I iw p-Aii- crug h the 
•irfeuluus The quantitative and qualitative analysis of 

the test data will be correlated with the psychiatrist's study of 
the raw. data to ascertain if the simple interview technique out- 
lined to you in my report «« of Kay 28, 1953 are supplemented or 
contradicted by our battery of tests: 

(1) The Wechsler-Sellevue Intelligence Scale 

(2) The Bender -Gestalt 

(3) The Bouse -Tree -Person Test 

(4) The Rorschach 

( 5 ) Word Association Test 

(6) Cards 1, 2, 3BF of the Thematic Apperception Test 
Integrating the work of the psychiatrist who, as I have 

mentioned, is concerned with the raw data and the work of the 
psychologist who is ‘concerned with the projective and non -projective 
testing will be the coordinating activities of the neurophysiologist. 
He will be studying the effect of the drug on perception and on 
motor activities. The steadiness test heretofore described, eye- 
hand coordination, reaction time to light and sound will be studied 
together with the variables described on the attached questionnaire 
as a function of time. Plans are being made to amplify the 131 card 


vn^iicd tJCQ N Ej &f NT IAL 




Downryadec 
by authority 




Downg: 

JjMi ' -^fSn^P 40 ^ yau,h 

idjsiiilstrhtive policies s i ^^^[cfmJ^2fi^4Tl&lpit£il. ~ If the orojeets" 




'‘^on brain metabolism and neurophysiology to be carried out under the 
auspices of organizations other than 
excluded, this vill reduce the budget labelled 
$ 9 , 000 . 00 . 

I shall be very glad to discuss the details of this project 
and hope that I shall have the pleasure of your continued support. 

With best personal regards, I an. 

Yours sincerely. 



Fgymld A. Abramson, M. D 



February 22,1554 


Geschickter Fund for 
• Medical Research, Inc. • 
1834 Connecticut Avenue K. T7. 
fc'ssbington, ■ D. C.. . 

Dear. Sirs -■ 




•*..♦■1, .. i ■> _ > * • 

/ ,« * •• ; •' •• • •' 

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r - "• . I£ny...I acknowle dge with thanks the' suppor t" you have 
r give n .the LSD project at 

lor.' .-the past - two years , and take this opportunity to. discus 
rith you; t he possibility of obtaini ng' a terminal -grunt for the •: 
prcject ^t VHIHIPHMPH^ i-or. July, -.4,/; 1S54 • to" July 2 
1255 . . The pr ograr for 1353 previously. subizitted is.rell under' 
way.— =■ It has been a pleasure to. rork- directly with’ your : renre— . 
sentat ives vrlic have aided in impieeenting the laany aspectsof-’ 
the program.- Our data, however, have been accumulating verv 
rapidly..’ _ So rapid is the accumulation of data that the oerscn- 
nel of':the project are confronted with the serious problem of.; ’, 
carrying out . the program for 1953-1354. ana simultaneously ....... • : ; 

writing up the program covering experiments suitable for saatis 
tical analysis performed curing the’ first fiscal year. of. 'the . . .. 

program’; • •••; • .. •/vD.-V-: cl' t*’ „• • 


I Ehould like to 
h. terminal grant for 
following purposes: : 


propose that the Geschickter. .Fund 

►for the 




^f.’.-To complete the papers that were begun during the ' 

-’”.V’ • period 1S53-1954 . if • ■ ; . 

2 - To calculate and to compile the data screened darin- 0 - 
1954." . v . • 

3;; To make content analysis of the verbatim recordings 
: -i-v.-V not screened during 1S53— 1954-.. ....... ..’ • 

4. To be prepared, to assay unknown materials. 

5. To continue the search for a suitable antidote. 

.6. To quantitatively determine psychologically and pkj-sio- 
■ logically that happens during rapid desensitizaticn " 
following repeated high doses cl LSD25 . 


The followin'? 


budget ic to be utilized only 


December 28, I ‘jk 


STATEMENT 0? ACCOUNT 
LYSERGIC FuTSD-Mi-151 

GRANT : GSSCEICXTEE FOUNDATION, INC. WASHINGTON, D.C 
FROM- JULY 4TH 1953 TO JULY 3RD I95i ITJCl 


RECEIPTS 

September 2, 1953 
December 14, 1953 
March 3 0 , 1954 
May 13, 1954 
June 21, 1954 
July 21, 1954 
December 29, 1954 

TOTAL RECEIPTS 


JDISEUPSEMENTS 

SALARIES 


-Terminated ll/l/53 


Social Security Tax 
Compensation Tax 

A. 5.S . 



7/4/53 to 7/3/54 


Social Security Tam 
Compensation Tax 


-7/4/53 to 7/3M 


Social Securitv Tax 


Compensation Tex 
Vacation Pay - 1953 - 


1-7/4/53 to 7/3/54 
Social Security Tax 
Compensation Tax 

A.S.S. 



_ /4/53 to 5/54 
.Terminated May/54) 
Social Security Tax 
Compensation Tax 



$11,412.50: 
11,412.50' ' , • 

11,412.50'. 

11, 412. 50. 

3.000. 00 
600.00 

1 . 000 . 00 

$50,25 


$1,793-00 

0/0 

20.80 

6.4o 1,820.20 

8,004.09 

99.OO 

76.72 3,179-81 

4.225.71 
69.68 

48.11 

350.00 M93.50 

3.063.00 

54.12 
35-52 

14. 40 3,172.04 

1.860.00 
33-00 

21.50 1,914.50 

1.157.72 

19.30 

13-58 

9.60 1,200.20 

$20, 980.25 



/ 


D R. HAROLD A. ABRAMSON 

SUif-JiAY STATE i-ilLT OF CASH ARCEaPfS auI) DISBURSE! 
■ OF Til* GijoCr.ICiv PiiR I 1 GbiijJ A YjlOF FuLD 


JFOR THE FISCAL YEAR ELDED JULY 3. 195L 


ash Balance - July 3, 1953 

ash Receipts . .. .... 

July 29, 1953 

December 9, 1953 

Larch 16, 1954 

Kay 12, 1954 . : .,‘i. 


~\ 


Total Cash Receipts 


■ sh Disbursements 

Return of Unexpended balance of .fund 
m hand - July 3, 1953 •_ 


-ransfer of Funds 



fund Bxoenses .... 

Salary - Dr. Harold A. Abramson 
Salaries - Other 
Consultation Fees 
supplies and equipment Purchased 
Cost of iCeals, 'Transportation and 
Other Expenses provided for subjects 
and doctors 
Te le phone 

Rental - Laboratory Office 

Total Cash Disbursements 


^43,650.00 

11.700.00 


7,999.96 

2,551-47 

1,590.00 

2,535.31 


5,093.41 

434.03 

675.00 


£21,237-50 
21,237-50 
/ 21,237-50 
■ 21:237.50 


5,293.29 


60,350.00 


20.929.63 


£ 5,293 


35.150 

90,443 


36,577 


Cash Balance - July 3, 1954 


v 


; 3,37c 


Subsequent to July 3 , 1954 there was paid, expenses totaling 
v340. 70, v/hich are applicable to this f iscal year. In 
acldi'cion , -.joOC.OO v/as transferred to 


to cover these expenses for the fiscal year. 


si 




Brought Forward 


LARUES (Cent 1 d . 


81-151 

December 2 8. 195 4 
Page 2 ' 


mems mm-iM? to 7/3 m 

Social Security Tax 
Condensation Tax 

^^*•11/53 to 7/1/51; 

Social, oecurixy Tar 

Compens at ion Tar - ■ ... . 

AA5.S. 

Vacation Pay - 1954 - A- 

— 1—» ■ I 

„ Social Security Tar 

Compensation Tax 

A.E.S. 

to 7/3/5^ 

Social Security Ter 
Compensation Tax 

A.E.S. 

Social Security Tax 
Compensation Tax 

A.E.S. 

Furniture x Equipme nt 

[includes recording equipment, testing machine, etc. 
Consumable Supnli e 3 

' (Includes glassware, office supplies, tests, etc.) 
Travel ing Expenses 

(.includes x raye ling expenses for subjects. Dr 
Abramsony and OBBMt 

Miscellaneous Ex penses 

[includes pay for subjects, casual labor, etc.) 


$20,980.25 $50,250. 


$ 1 , 913.82 

37-24 

-5 .21 1 , 97g.27 

1,C24. 50 

19.57 

11.62 

■ V 9.66 ;■ 

_ i. 30.02 1,095.2 9 

. 1,121.72 
22.43 
12.56 

— 1 - 6 o 1,158.31 


739.10 

14.73 

8.28 

8.00 

656.25 

13-12 

7-35 

1.60 


770.16 


678 . 32 


35,199.40 


4,201.90 


1,872 .86 


7,100.04 


Total salaries and expenditures 


4,510.00 


49,542 








• STAT2N3NT Cl? COST (OR LLP3NDITUR33) 


L 31)2 5 PRCJ 3 CT 
JULY 4 , 1354 TO JULY 3 , 1355 •' 3 ; 


I. Salaries 

A. Technical , T . 

;■ ' ■ 1 . Secretarial . 

2 1' Secretarial • . 

■ 3." Casual Labor ' 

" 3'.' ‘ Professional " 
C. • .. 1 Principle Investigator .. 
2 Neurophysiologist ; . - 
!•' 3 t Psychologist ;?• Li,’-'' 

. •••'. 4 A Psychologist one-third ’ 

tine • ■■ • ■ •••,. -L ■ "■ 

iCi.' : ZLrpariaenta. 

II. Hxpendable' Sunpli 
■ T.'-AvrGl 
L; t-S.' 

. Ci . Records and photcgrapny 
D ; Office Supplies •- 
-3; liaintenance 
■ -■? . - Reprints- - ; 


$32, 5 CO 


$3,000 

.33, 530 

3,500 ’ -'j ' ' •• . 

■ 1,500 ■ • ■•/vT--"-- 

■ • - L 22 ; 000 . • 

3,000 ' Yl: v -j. . 1 - •. 
:S, 00 Q.L. • 

: '4,000 ,r •• i rlt 

• 2,000 Willi ' W vWWr>> ; 

. . ..1 


i Subjects A iwwWWi Woo 

iss W/Wip-T AAAi'W- d ; cj rr ! r. I. -Li/;;-.-.; 2 , 600 ; 
ir- Glassware ' ••". • WAW s’ £' *1 j y •> f 4 y. L 4 Vty *4 5 0 yiAAtTlAu' 

.'Chemicals. -. 4,1 r.l/wTp'r-L • T; 1^5 0 ■: A ;'-V' 
i . Records and photcgraohy : \ 1 3 -;.: ','. 350 -/hr 


V ' ; Wb: 750 '-'. h- • • 


, + i. Permanent 2qu ipsen t A AW AA i It-- ■. A, 500 

rrr _T • ; .' • / "f • ; O DAfl 


17 

7 


• Travel LL.t.:.-... V- v.- * f- - . '-lAW-aWy AWA-W* 2,000 

. Overhead ..>‘. 1 : . 7 .. V- ’ A’./ * A ^ ir ^ : ' v 3 , 850 

. $42 , 4 S 0 ' 



• liay- I.. propose that the rorh at 

be continued for the following purposes :•-••• 


■ 1 . To continue tne Lvorz of 

on the metabolism of nerve and- brain tissue using . conventional 
• methods of .studying tissue metabolism in the ’ r'arbuir.g appiaratus 
in an effort, .to isolate enayme systems responsible* -for 'the- . 
Gpecial effects of L 3 D 25 L i-t.-L h;.,- . ^ / ; y .• •. .. '..-.b. 

2 V. To Investigate the action of LSD 25 on tha develop- ■ 
neat of the nervens system by studying both the em'oryological 
development of the developing embryo as a vhole and tne effect • 
of L 3 D 25 on the organiser itself . A preliminary survey of the 
subject indicates that the oligodynamic action of L 3 D 25 nay- 
conceivably be involved in the process both of differentiation 
and development following dif f erantiationi 


WARNING ‘iCE 



SEM5;TIV£JKTcLL!G£NCE 





V. -3- 




" ' ‘ , V > +n ’ia u+ iliz’sd’ oal 7 at 

Tiia following budget 


• /^^!sq 25 ?.ucjucr _ _r 1 -'V'- _ 

u ' JULY. 4,; 1354 TO JUL1 3, 1953 ■•: ■ -V.;-:^ \ 

'VV>. : ;' v • -. - v ,-‘: ,•/;.: -\v .v. ^-<7.^ $ 21 , 500 . . ' 

Salarias-'. ' . -i;;; — .V' i-'L ■ ' ; . ' ' ; ijil.CGO . 

v A.- Professional ..." . 1. ' V ; -a- s. •■ ’ V ; -i v L-'n on -•-■•'-• - - •/*.-.•• v ;: MS '-..-1. 

* •. V *Q •:• T" ^ cHt! i .r-J*. • - - - ••-•'V ' » . * r ' ’ V ' -' “• *•** • • '•■•#• f .V^- •.•„• < • . * .i - :• ** .. ^ ^ ” 7 . 


ZbxpeucLable Supplies 200 : <r« . • • - 

; ;>.:. A . Glassware ... MM ■; V '.;p '1 .\r> '500 • '-’ ••• MMM; • • '■'•' 

"" 3. JJhenicais ... ; ;-' M- M/V 7 000 M - ••'' / 

..C.-,ASiaial 3 '.• •' • .. M 1 M:M..’ 500 .. . 

D. Records and Photograpny •• . • • 500 • •’ • • 

.• E*’...OiYIca Supplies M. ; . • ,j-- ' . M. -M/.soO - •• ' MW~ 

• ■ ■;T-rMaiat3nanC2^' r : 'rMP.M/M : ./'; .M -M ’,,., « .' .- -/ ••••■• M 2 '000.- 

. p.?r2anant - Shipment- = • "t ..-•; ;i: .iM ... • ;• ' .:’: : •'•' 1*^000. . 

rt?x7 si :-'.. ^ y -'i; f V 50 O 


a~>, of '.courss, subject, .to .-M- MM M •;■ 
notification' depending upon a . special phase 

in pro*— ss and the ability to obtain hignly qizali^u . ■,■ • 

~ l s-aooli •>» iad»^»d xo_70“ i- 

let ae xnos as soon a3 possible .r.na-- V'^ ^ 

program -^ill;.. aeet uit a your support. . . '.- :■. i /- r 

. •„ •t.y.-.Tyit'li- aany thanks,. . I an, 

. V‘ *- 7 Vr. r71. , ’i-. > :'..V ' •^..•^t ~ i r ;.7". Yoiirs sincerely,. v 


Harold A- Abramson, ^1* ^ 


EAA / \ 






SUB- PROJECT NO. 8 (Also see Nos. 10, 63 and 65} 
PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: This was a study of the bio- 

chemical, neurophysiological, sociological, and clinical 
psychiatric aspects of LSD, and also a study of LSD antagonists 
and drugs related to LSD, such as L.A.E. (Lysergic Acid 
Ethylamide). Twelve volunteers at the 

were tested to determine the clinical effects of LSD on the 
adrenal cortex. In another experiment, it was observed that 
there were autonomic (involuntary nervous system) disturbances 
following the administration of LSD. Other experiments were 
conducted to make clinical psychiatric evaluations of the 
reactions of all subjects who received LSD and of the effect 
other drugs had when administered in combination with LSD. 

The psychological experiments administered tests to individuals 
while under the influence of LSD; the results showed lowered 
abilities. The fi les.- indicate that the testing was done on 
volunteers. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN.: 1953-1955 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: Testing upon human volunteers 



FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: Geschickter Foundation for Medical Research 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $40,000 



OTHER SPONSORS: None indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Dr. Robert V. Lashbrook 

APPROVERS : Sidney Gottlieb 

Willis A. Gibbons 
Luis deFlorez 
C. V. S. Roosevelt 


2 




Ml 


Security Information 

Dov/ngruded ,n CftWfffi FM RA (. 

by authority 

.date g 


DRAFT -•■pi 
9 June 1J53 


MEMORANDUM FOR THE RECORD 


SUBJECT: 


Project MKULTRA, Subproject 8 


1. Subproject 8 is being set up as a means to continue the_ 
present work in the general field of L.S.D. at 

until 11 September 195^* 

2 . This project will include a continuation of a study of 
biochemical, neurophysiological, sociological, and cl — nical psyc 
aspects of L.S.D. , and also a study of L.S.D. antagonists and drugs 
related to L.S.D., such as L.A.E. A derailed proposal is atoached. 
The nrinciole investigators will continue to ce 


3. The estimated budget of tne project a- 
MpM*is $39,500.00. The Geschickter Foundation will serve as a 
cut-out and cover for this project and will furnish the aoove funds 
to the as a Philanthropic grant for 

medical research. A service charge of $790.00 (2$ of the estimated, 
budget) is to be paid to the Geschickter Foundation for this service 

‘"'U.- Thus the total charges for this project will not emceed 
$h-0,290.00 for a period ending September 11, 195^* 


are cleared 


he true 


Security information 


I r ct - 









-o 

-s 

o 


{ p. 


H3 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 9 


sE^rff 


PRINCIP AL- RESEARCHERS AND LOCATIONS : 

OBJECTIVE AHD DETAILS OF WORK: To study various depressant 

drugs which may more adequately control the maniacal psychotic 
patient, and test drugs that may help alcoholics and schizophrenics. 
Also to compare the threshold of various sternutatory (sneezing) 
drugs in schizophrenic and normal persons. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1954-1955 

SIGNIFICANi ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING: 


COVER ME CHANISM : Geschickter Fund 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $21,000 




OTHER SPONSORS - 
NAMES OF CIA MON I TORS : 


unwitting 


Dr. Charles F. Geschickter 
Sidney Gottlieb 



a- 



APPROVERS: 


Will is A. Gibbons 
C.V.S. Roosevelt 
Luis deFlorez 





V. 


f 

\ 


r 


SUB-PROJECT MO. 10 (See also Nos. 8. 63 and 66) 




OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OR WORK: This study tested and evaluated 

the effect of LSD and alcohol when administered to individuals 
falling under various personality categories. The methods of 
analysis were interview, observation, and psychological testing. 
All were done on human subjects and in controlled situations. 

The Agency's interest was to exploit techniques developed for 
predicting LSD effects. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1352-1957 


SIGNIFICANT AS PEC i S : Human testing on volunteers under controlled 

conditions. 


FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: Gescnickter Foundation for Medical Research 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: 3150,000 



OTHER SPONSORS: None indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Dr. Sidney . Gotti i eb 


Dr. Robert V. Lasnbrook 
Louis deFlorez 






( 


DP. 

9 : 



MEMORANDUM FOR: TEE R^COPD) 

SUBJECT : Additional Funds for iCCJLTRA Subprcjec 


( 


P, located at the 

k, y?s re cue sued oy TEo/CD zo snlarps 


:e score cf ns 

current research rrcgrau. This retries u «as 1 — c 

•Division to enable 
interest to TSS/CD. 


;o rtirsue areas of researcn ox 


fill invest! jate 

vill cover the evaluation of cerrair nrcvr tecnnicuss _c_ — Cw > 

the tvce and magnitude of tne effects cf orups, par uicularuy nD 
and alcohol. In addition to the above, there ^vill b^^ncreased 
effort to exoloit certain tec uni cues developed uy a _oup 

in the course of their LSD studies for predicting L5D effects, and 
■ adant these techniques to auccnol strucn.es . 

3- The cost of this proprau for a period cf one year vail 
be $5,5CO.CO. To this rust: be added a four percent; service orange 
cf £220.00 to the Ges chi cuter Fund for its services. C ranges 
should be cade against alnctrent; o-2pC2-10-Cu-i. 

k. The sane Memorandum cf Agreement applies to tnis extension 
as vas agreed upcn in the original project;, ucvever, cri3^addn- 
ticnal money vill not be accounted for separately, out vilu ce ac- 
counted for in the overall project; accourt_ug. 




APPROVED FOR OB: 


NATION 


APPROVED : 




L 


PROS? 


C T U S 




In the past three years of research vith the dreg LSD-25, 've 
have develoted reliable methods of analysing social situations and 
interactions. Cur progress in assessing personality types is useful 
in diagnosis and nredicticn. These nstheds are based on a multi - 
discioline assessnent of personality m d y .r.~l . c social, adjustment 
under corral circumstances and under stress, i.e., drug effect, 
irrespective of the attributes of any specific drug. 


The briefest nhrase to characterise cur rain area of study is 
"social nerscnality" . A laboratory of experinental social psychiatry 
has been established in such a vay that various types of personality 
and rany situations ray be subjected to critical study. ?cr example, 
its methods can be anplied to any specific problem such as the effects 
of LSD cr other drugs liloe alcohol, cz\ the improvement of interpersonal 
relations . 

There are tvo imoertant steps to be tahen: (l) Completing 

the work in congress of personality types so ve car. define nore 
clearly cur social personality typ es and relate them to (a) the 


-3 — — *3,^ 1 . O - 


us cn 


nore standard, objective tests suen as trs neons.er 
vhich the or - / cf tvees is cased, and (b) the conventional 

clinical crojective tests such as the Rorschach and Thematic Apper- 
ception Tests; (2) Trying cut the utility cf these tests and 
special interview and questionnaire methods developed im the course 
of our studies for predicting specifiable change in social behavior 
following the ingestion cf various drugs, particularly LSD and 
alcohol . 



i 

} 






PROSPECTUS 


Conclusion of LSD Study; 

In the past four years of researc n witn LSD-25 v/e have 
develooed reliable methods of (a) analysing social situations and 
interactions; (o) describing personality m terms oi social adjust- 
ment, and (c) relating social situations and social personality 
types to the specific effects ot LSD. Tnrougn tr.is memcdology 
it has been possible to identity some important determinants ct 
drug effects which have not been previously considered in studies 
of LSD-25 . 


While we have made considerable progress m systemati- 

< 

cally studying these determinants, a certain amcur.c o: data analysis 
still remains to be completed beiore the determinants ci tne 
LSD-25 effect on individual cases can be reuably stated. 

Therefore, the primary objective of this final phase of 
the project is to complete the analysis ct data on ail our subjects 
in order to define the extent tr.at dinerences m certain eiiects 
can be accounted for by the above-mentioned determinants. 

A second objective is to complete reports on some peripneral 
studies conducted with Scroisil and certain other psycuccnemicais . 



i \'~ 


53 


A third objective is to recuce arm summarize the many 


progress reports submitted. during the course of the project into 
a final reoort. 


Budaet: 


Personal compensation (salaries) 
Eauioment 


Supplies and services 


Contingencies, travel 


4, 500 


500 

500 


TOTAL 35, 500. 00 







SUB-PROJECT NO. 11 
PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER A, 'ip LOCATION: 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: To identify and produce in 

sufficient quantity for experimentation the active ingredients 
in certain seeds and plants. This effort was to result in the 
preparation of a supply of the toxic protein, abrin, which is 
the same class of substance as ricin and bohulinus toxin. 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1553-1955 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: Developing and stockpiling toxins 

FUNDING: 



COVER MECHANISM: No n e 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $5,000 in Treasurers Check 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 
OTHER SPONSORS: None 
NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



identified 
Sidney Gottlieb 


Robert V. Lasnbrook 


Wi tti ng 



APPROVERS: C. V. S. Roosevelt 

Willis A. Gibbons 


Luis deFlorez 



si 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 12 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: To isolate and investigate the 

chemicals responsible for the biological activities of material s 
present in the bark, of Piscidia erytnrina Mi lisp. Extracts 
from the bark have been used as a narcotic, a fish poison and 
an analgesic. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1953-1954 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None noted 

FUNDING: ' ■ 


COVER MECHANISM: Notional 



OTHER SPONSORS: None indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Sidney Gottlieb 



APPROVERS: C. V. S. Roosevelt 

Robert V. Lashbrook 
Willis A. Gibbons 
James H. Drum 
Luis deFiorez 



E2 IMPDET 



Sb 




SUB- PROJECT NO. 13 (See also Project No. 30) 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 



Ft. Detrick, Md. 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: To establish a petty cash fund 
at Agency activity at Ft. Detrick, Maryland. The purpose and 
use or the fund was (1) to support activities where unusual 
security considerations make it difficult to get financial 
support from more customary sources (that is, where proper 
funds for a given activity will require an undesirable amount 


of written or oral justi rication) , (2) io support the purchase 
of certain material where use of other funds would delay operations 
to an excessive extent. The most unusual expense was the rental 
of a car in Florida (December 1954) and cabin rental in West 
Virginia (June 1955) . 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1953-1955 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: Potential for misuse of appropriated funds 

FUNDING : Approximately S3, 000. Funded by cash. 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: Not detailed in file. 

OTHER SPONSOR: None indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Robert V. Lashbrook 

Sidney Gottlieb 


APPROVERS : Willis A. Gibbons 

C. V. S. Rooseveli 
Luis de Florez 






1 

} 



iu* 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 14 


mu 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: George H. White 

Boston District, Supervisor 
Bureau of Narcotics 
Work performed essentially in 
New York City 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: This was called "Operation Black" 

The Bureau of Narcotics provided the Agency with the services of 
an employee for three months. CIA transferred S4.000 to the 
Bureau of Narcotics for this purpose. Harry Anslinger, Com- 
missioner of Narcotics was the focal point. The employee was 
George H. White, a District Supervisor. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: July-November 1953 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: Harry Anslinger, Commissioner of Narcotics, 

was concerned about confidential nature of White's assignment to 
CIA, and insisted on a valid backstopping for financial agreement 
FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: None, a normal inter-Agency transfer of 

funds in true name 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: S4.300 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 

OTHER SPONSORS: 

NAME OF CIA MONITOR: Sidney Gottlieb 

APPROVERS: C. V. S. Roosevelt 

Robert V. Lashbrook 
James H. Drum 



Luis deFlorez 




SUB-PROJECT NO. 15 (See also Nos 3, 42 and 149) 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : George H. White 

New York City 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : A continuation of Sub-Project No, 

3 for realistic testing of R&D i tems of interest to Technical 
Services Staff. Letters of 26 May 1553 confirm: that George H. 
White, District Supervisor, Bureau of Narcotics, will use alias 
of Morgan Hall for this project. Letter of 19 May 1953 from 
Harry Anslinger recommends Morgan Hall to a prospective landlord. 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1953 - 1954 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : This is the project that started the unwit- 

ting testing in New York City. 

r 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Not stated 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : S7,740 — Sterile checks 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : George H. White, aka Morgan Hall (Alias) 

OTHER SPONSOR : Bureau of Narcotics, unknown if witting 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Sidney Gottlieb 

Robert V. Lashbrock 


APPROVERS: Luis de Florez 


Willis A. Gibbons 


C.V.S. Roosevelt 


EL BY 


t 1 Vi'a^' 

ylr 26 


->VJ) 




.i*- 




1200 2 Street , ;,\w. 
wasaiagton, D. c. 

=37 19, 1253 ' 


. • Gillian Alfred white •• 

••o- 100 . uest . Thirteenth Street 




£7 


Proj. 17 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF 


ORK: 


i he elucidation of the site 


and mechanism or action of LSD by the use of isotopically tacged 
molecules. The advantages to the Agency where (I) the data should 
greatly facilitate the development of a suitable antidote and block- 
ing agent tor LSD, (2) identify possibilities rcr the design of new 
psychogenic compounds, and (3) tuncamental knowledge or the psycho - 
therapeutic action or drugs will ce made available. The study had 
two basic thrusts: the synthesis or LSD and related compounds 

by chemical means; and learning the metabolism, site of action, 
etc., of LSD and related compounds and, if possible, the chemical 
alterations of cells in the central nervous system, liver or 
muscles . 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1953-1955 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None indicated. 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Geschickter Foundation 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL :S30. 000 


RESEARCH PARTICIPAN 



unknown if witting; 

unknown i f wi tti ng ; 

unknown ir witting. 


unwi tti ng ; 

, unknown if witting, 

, unknown if 


witting; 


J 


OTHER SPONSORS: 



NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


APPROVERS: 


None indica ted . 



Robert V. Lashbroolc 
Luis deFlcrez 
Willis A. Gibbons 
Sidney Gotti ieb 
C.V.S. Roosevelt 



ID 



F i 


s - r, n d 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 13 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


OBJECTIVE AND DEiAILS OF WORK: Mr. C_ V. S. Roosevelt accompanies 

to purchase LSD from 



APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: December 1953 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: Technical Services Division used Eli Lilly 


as cover 


Technical Services Division 


authorized to spend S40C,0Q0 


FUNDING: Cashiers Check 

COVER MECHANISM: Eli Lilly used as cover for C. V. S. 

triP^HHHP 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $400,000 obligated of which only 

$1 ,337.45 expended 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 

■ — l 

OiHER SPONSORS: None indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Sidney Gottlieb 

APPROVERS: Allan Dulles 

C. V. S. Roosevelt 
Willis A. Gibbons 


■smT 


(of El i Lilly Co. ) 


E2 iMaafr 


11 


i 

i 

) 

i 

i 


12 


Proj. 19 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 19 



74 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 20 


.< L. 


vJ 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : Pedlow- 

Ns^^Che^ca^Ccrnpany , Inc, 
Lock Haven, Pennsylvania 

OBJ ECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To prepare a supply of the 

dirnannich derivative of Yohimbine hydrochloride for use in 
other approved projects. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1953 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Sterile Cashiers Check 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : S202 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS : wittina 

OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated. 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Sidney Gottlieb 

Robert V. Lashbrook 

APPROVERS : Wi Ilia A. Gibbons 

Luis deFlorez 
C.V.S. Roosevelt 



) 

\ 

t 

i 


7 £> 


I’roj . V- i 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 21 



PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION ; 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : 
drug screening facility at the 
internal pol icies at, 


The purpose was to provide a 

■HHKl hut 

'made it impossible to carry 
oul the program cs planned. No runes were ever expended. The 
original concept was to test the pharmacological activity of 
various materials of interest to the AGency. 
routinely conducts such tests Moratory 

before the materials are screened for anti-cancer activity. 

Agency material was to have been included in this larger group 
for unattr ibutabl e covert testing. The material was to have 

been provided by Dr . c . F . Geschickter, acting as 

a cut-out for the Agency. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1353 

SI GNIFICANT ASPECTS : Potential for unknown testing of material 

or interest to the Agency. 

FUNDING : None 

COVER MECHANISM: None 


APPROX IMA i E TOTAL: $5,800 

RESEARCH PART I C I PANT : 


unwi ttinq 


0 i HER SPONSOR : None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Sidney Gottlieb 


APPROVERS: 


Robert V. Leshbrook 



Wi 11 is A. Gi bbons 
C.V.S. Roosevelt 



I 


71 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 22 


•* r 

U 



PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 

OBJECTIVE AND Pci AILS CF ■■.'CRK : To isolate compounds from 

natural products which have psychogenic properties. Initially 
research was done cn seeds from the plant IMrOMOEA Sidaefoiia 
Cnoisy, a .Mexican and Cuban trailing vine and, later the fungus 
AMANITA MUSCARIA, a mushroom. Studies with the mushroom were 
more significant. Basically clinical means were used to identify 
and characterize the active participants of the seeds and mush- 
rooms. The thrust of the work was the chemical isolation and 



identification of materials. 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1954-1563 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : 
testing. No indication 
unwitting. 

FUNDING: 


Reference is made to anima’ 



in the file if human subjects were 


COVER MECHANISM : Geschickter Fund and Medical Sciences 

Research Foundation 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL :?recise amount not calculated, but over 

51 00 , 000 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS: 


witting 


Graduate Assistants : 
of witting. 



- unknown 


- unknown ir witting. 




UJ 


OTHER SPONSORS: 



r ~ n 


i 


None indicated. 

S OF CIA MONITORS : Sidney Gottlieb 

Robert V. Lashbrook 


APPROVERS: 



C.V.S. Roosevelt 
Wi 1 i ia A. Gi bbons 


- 2 - 


I c 

i 'r 

i 


82 


cy 



SESRcT. 


SUB- PROJECT NO. 23 (See also No. 45) 

PRINCIPAL' RESEARCHER A NO LOCATION ; Dr. Charles Geschickter 
OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Search for new drugs - (]) 

To synthesize new drugs and modify old ones to determine their 
effectiveness in modifying behavior and the function of the 
central nervous system. Animal nests were to be done to deter- 
mine toxicity; (2) To develop new sources of biologically active 
compounds (derivatives of tryptramine) ; and (3) Tests were con- 
ducted on terminally ill cancer patients. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1954 

S IGNIFICANT ASPECTS : (2) Memorandum for the Record of 4 February 

1955, lists about S440.000 in projects to be administered by 
Geschickter Foundation in February 1 955-February 1955 period; 

(2) Memorandum for the Record of 29 June 1954 concerns $1,500 
payment to Or. Geschickter for services in 1952-1953, with instruc- 
tions on how he should list it for income tax purposes while pre- 
serving security; (3) Memorandum for the Record of 25 August 1955 
states it was necessary to test effects of certain chemical sub- 
stances on human beings; that certain anticipated effects in- 
volved mental functions which precluded the use of mental defec- 
tives. The project engineer authorized contractor to pay the 
nospital expenses (sic) of certain persons suffering from incurable 
cancer for the privilege of studying the effects of these chemicals 



SIGNIFICANT ASP EC i S : (Continued) 

during the terminal illnesses. Total funds expended in this 
rash ion amounted to S658.05 and full value was received; (4) 



received grants totaling S31.600 as part of Sub- 
Project No. 23. 

FUNDING : ' 

COVER MECHANISM : Geschickter Foundation 

.APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $58,000 in Cashier's checks 

(G.schicUer Foundation) 
- witting 



- — i (Geschickter Foundation) 

University of Richmond - witting 


OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated 

NAMES OF CiA MONITORS : Sidney Gottlieb 

Robert V. Lashbrook 


APPROVERS : C.V.S. Roosevelt 

Willis A. Gibbons 


I 

I 

1 


26 


f’roj. 24 



SUB- PROJECT NO, 24 

PRINCIPAL' RESEARCHERS AND LOCATIONS: Not applicable 

OBJECTIVE AND DEiAILS Or WORK: To fund meetings at sterile 

locations for brain-storming sessions by MKULTRA contractors, 
some witting, some not. Meetings were held in 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1 954 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING: $2,900 

AGcNCY PART I C I PAN i S : Robert -3. Las hb rook 

Sidney Gotti ieb 



APPROVERS : Willis A. Gibbons 

C. V. S. Roosevel t 



54 


) 


6 • 
c-. . 


ix3 i 
Ln ‘ 


31 


SUB-PROJECT MO. 25 


C- 


PRINCIPA’l RESEARCHER AMD LOCATION: 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To determine the applicability 

of hypnosis techniques for Agency operational usage. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAM : 1954-1955 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None evident. 

FUNDING : Cashier's Checks 

COVER MECHANISM : Geschickter Foundation 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $12,000 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 

OTHER SPONSOR : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 

APPROVERS: 


None 

None 



Sidney Gottlieb 
C.V.S. Roosevelt 
Will is A. Gibbons 
Robert V. Lashbrook 




31 


92 • Toad 




( 


SUS- PROJECT MO . 26 (See also No. 9) 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER: University of Illinois 

OBJECTIVE AND OEiAILS OF WORK: Through human testing on 

volunteers, study drugs which may aid in the treatment of 
the schizophrenic patient by either altering his metabolism 
or producing sedation. Sub-Project No. 26 is a follow-on 
from No . 9 . 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1954-1955 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: About 200 volunteers (at S5.00 to S10.00 

each) were used each month. 

FUNDING: . V ‘ 


COVER MECHANISM: Geschickter Fund 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: S5.000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS : 



Wi tting 
Wi tting 
Wi tti ng 

(Neurosurgeon) , Unknown 


if Witting 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Sidney Gottlieb 


APPROVERS : Willis A. Gibbons 

C. V. S. Roosevelt 





IVoj. 27 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 27 


SEE SUB-PROJECT NO. 7 



13 


Proj. 20 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 23 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHERS: Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, 

and 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF T, r 0RK : To study in animals and man 

drugs, essentially depressants, which affect the central 
nervous system. The study will include synthetic chemicals 
and plant extracts. The human testing will be a 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1954-1955 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: Testing involving human volunteers. 

FUNDING: 7 • 

COVER MECHANISM: Geschickter Foundation for Medical 

Research Fund 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: S25.000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS : Witting 

Unknown 

OTHER SPONSORS: None Indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Sidney Gottlieb 

APPROVER: Willis A. Gibbons 



E2 IMPJtT 


I 

I 



15 





SUB-PROJECT NO. 29 (see also 25) 
PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 


I, University 


of Denver 

M ECTIVE AND DE JAILS OF WORK : To fund work on hypnosis. 

The scope was increased to acquiring extensive psychological 
profiles of all subjects in an effort to develop significant 

keys to hypnotic susceptibil ity which may be adaptable to field 
use. ' . 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1954-1955 
SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING: $19,000 - funded through the Geschickter Foundation 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS : 



_wi tting 

- witting 


OTHER SPONSOR : None 

NAMES OF CIA MON I TORS u 
APPROVERS : Sidney Gottlieb 

Will is A. Gibbons 



% 




;i:i 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 30 (see also No. 13) 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : Ft. 

Detrick, Maryland 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To add money to a petty 

cash fund to support an Agency activity at Ft. Detrick, Md. 

The purpose and use of the fund was (1) to purchase materials 
when unusual security considerations made it difficult to get 
financial support from more customary sources (that is, when 
proper funds for a given activity 'would require an undesirable 
amount of written or oral justification), (2) the purchase 
of material when use of other procurement channels would delay 
operations to an excessive extent; and (3) to pay for services, 
travel, honoraria, supplies, etc. Expenses were made for cabin 
rental, a suitcase for biological/chemical sampling, animal food, 
rental cars for sampling station, a trailer for transporting 
test- equipment , a Czech dictionary, rifle slugs, etc. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1958-1960 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : Potential -measure of office funds. 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Cash 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $3,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS : None indicated as researcher. 

OTHER SPONSOR: None indicated 



NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



1 


Sidney Gottlieb 



Robert V. Lasnbrook 



APPROVERS: 


Willis A. Gibbons 
C.V.S. Roosevelt 


- 2 - 




i 



(00 


1C ' I'ouj 



i 


SUB- PROJECT NO. 31 (also see 20,4) 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION 1 : Pedlow-Nease Chemical Co., 

Inc. , Lock Haven , Pa . - 



OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To supply TSD/CD 2 kilograms 

of a rare organic chemical that is not commercially available. 
Chemical not identified. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1 S54 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None apparent 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : 
APPROXIMATE TOTAL 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSOR : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


Normal cashier's checks 
SI 500 



None 

Sidney Gottlieb 
Robert V. Lashbrook 



APPROVERS : Willis Gibbons 

James H. Drum 



/Ol 


I 

i 



(02 


I’roj . 32 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 32 (see also No. 12) 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER 


LOCATION : 



OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To study medicinally active 

plants which have ingredients of interest to the Agency. This 
is a continuation of Sub-Project No. 12. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1954-1955 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None apparent 

FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM : G 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: 330,000 in cashiers checks 



OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated. 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Sidney Gottlieb 



APPROVERS: Willia A. Gibbons 



(O 3 


I 

> 


) 

» 



/ay 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 33 (See also Project 27) 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : See next item. 

OBJECTIVE AilO DcTAILS OF WORK : To provide funds to 

correct an error amounting to $400 which arose in calculating 
the service project on Project 27. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1954 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

AMOUNT TOTAL : $400 by Geschickter Fund 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 

NAME OF CIA MONITOR : 

APPROVERS : 


None 



Sidney Gottlieb 
Willis A. Gibbons 



i :? 
o 


( 0 (> 




SUB-PROJECT NO. 34 (See also Nos. 4, 15 and 19) 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AMO LOCATION : John Mulholland, Location 

Unknown . 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : The application of the 

magicians' art to covert activities. Mr. Mulholland was to 
prepare illustrations of techniques described in a manual he 
wrote under Projects 4 and 19, assists in theJHHMMHHpr 

which involves the design of devices 
for the covert delivery of materials and other miscellaneous 
services. He also prepared a paper on the magicians 'art and the 
covert communication of information (mind-reading). He also 
- advised on the surreptitious delivery of materials, deceptive 
movements and actions to cover normally prohibited activities. 

He was also a consultant for the development of various forms 
of disguise and covert signalling systems. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1955-1953 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : Surreptitious delivery of materials. 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : None 

TOTAL AMOUNT : 51,800 by sterile cashiers check 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Robert V. Lashbrook 

APPROVERS : Sidney Gottlieb 



/07 


I 

! 

i 



Proj . 35 







( 2 ) 


Senior Agency orncials' approval of the project and 
disbursement: Dulles (OCI), Cabell (DOCI), Heims for 


-DDP, Amo ry (001), Lloyd (Asst. 00S), Kirkpatrick (I.G.), 
and Bissell (Chairman/PRC) . Mr. Houston, the General 
Counsel, orrered a separate opinion: "No legal objec- 
tion if probable benefits are considered fair return for 
this expenditure". 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Geschickter Fund 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: Initially $125,000; final figure 

Treasurer's and Cashier's Checks 


S375 ,000 ; 


RESEARCH PARTIC I PAN T : 


Or. Geschickter 


OTHER SPONSOR: AEC had expressed an in teres 
NAMES OF CIA MONI.'QRS : Sidney Gottlieb 


then backed out. 


APPROVERS: 



Willis A. Gibbons 
C.V.S. Roosevelt 


I ( I 


Proj . 36 



None stated in file. 



SUB- PROJECT i iO . 36 
PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To provide funds for a 

symposium on behavior modification, where MKULTRA principals 
may exchange ideas in their particular fields. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1354-1955 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : One doctor attended the symDOsium under 

the cover of The National Institute of Health and as such needed 
a uniform. We reimbursed him SI 69. 09 
FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : None - Cashiers checks 

APPROXIMATE FUNDING : S3, COO 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : None indicated 

OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Sidney Gottlieb 

Robert V. Lashbrook 

APPROVERS: Will T a A. Gibbons 



K3 


I’roj. 37 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 37 


.(pi 

il£ i 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION 



OBJECTIVE AND DEiAILS OF WORK : To produce, grow, test 

and evaluate certain botanicals of interest to CIA. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1S54 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM : Geschickter Foundation 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : S23.000 in Cashier's checks 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : - unknown if witting 

' OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Sidney Gottlieb 

Ray Treichler 


APPROVERS: 



Wil 1 is A. Gibbons 


C.V.S. Roosevelt 






lib 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 38 




PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION 



OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To investigate the psycholo- 

gical effects of the drugs chlorpromazine, meratron, serpentine, 
and bulbocapnine upon human beings. The work was carried out 
in the facilities of the under the direction of 



APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1954 -.1955 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : Human testing. Not known from file if 

-testing was on volunteers or unwitting people. 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : 
APPROXIMATE TOTAL: 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSORS: Most 


None 

$1,000 by sterile cashier's check as 
an "anonymous donation" 

unknown if witting 
of the funding was provided by the 



NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



APPROVERS : Sidney Gottlieb 


Willis A. Gibbons 






in 




r 



ccn 



SUB- PROJECT NO. 39 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


Ionia 


State Hospital for the Criminally Insane, Ionia, Michigan 
OBJECiIVE ANO DETAILS OF WORK: 10 exoloit the research 

potential represented by a group of 142 criminal -sexual 
psychopaths confined at the Ionia State Hospital. The project 
proposed states: . "It is thought that these persons have the 
same kind or motivation for withholding certain information 
that is comparable to operational interrogation situations 
in the field." 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1954-'! 953 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: Drugs, including LSD, were used both 

openly and surreptitiously on criminally insane inmates along 
with hypnosis as aids to interrogation. 

FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: Society for Investigation of Human 


Ecology, Inc. 

APPROXIMATE TOiAL: $30,000, paid bv cashier checks 



Witting 



- Witting 



( 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS : (Continued) 



OTHER SPONSORS: None indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Sidney Gottlieb 


Robert V. lashbrook 



APPROVERS : James H. Drum 

Willis A. Gibbons 


2 



K 



iao 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 40 


SEE SUB-PROJECT NO. 7 



SfifffiiiTi 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 41 (See also 20 and 31) 
PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


. Pedlow-Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 
OBJECT IVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To fund the synthesis of rare 

organic chemicals that were not commercially available -- one 

kilo plus 105 grams of 3.6-Encloxy-3-Methyl-Hexahydrophthalic 
Anhydride and 100 grams of N.N'-Dimethyl-P-Phenylene-Dianiine 
were purchased. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1955 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 
FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Sterile Cashier's checks 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : SI ,500 


RESEARCH PARTIC I PAN TS : 



OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES OF CIA MON I TO RS : 


indicated 



Robert V. Lashbrook 


APPROVERS : Willis A. Gibbons 


Sidney Gottlieb 






•l •‘ iJ/.'r/i.. 


SfcWftl. 


SUB-F-TJE CT NO. 42 (See also Nos. 3, 16 and 149) 

PRINC.-AL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : Morgan Hall 

San Francisco and Mill '/alley, 
California 

06Jc_- -_-i Vc AND DETAILS OF WORK: To support and realistically field 

tesc certain R&D items of interest to Technical Services Division 
and co maintain physical facilities required for these trials -- 
also ror tne covert administration of physiological ly active mate- 
rials to unwitting subjects. The files indicate that Sub-Project 
No. 42 is a continuation of No. 16, with Morgan Hall's facilities 
moved from New York City to San Francisco. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1955 -1964 

.SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: Testing of drugs on unwitting persons. 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Not stated 
APPROXIMA TE TOTAL : Approximately 510,000 a year 
RE SEARCH PARTICIPANT : Morgan Hall (alias for George H. White of 

Bureau of Narcotics), witting 
OTHER SPONSOR: Bureau of Narcotics - unknown if witting 

NAMES O F CIA MONITORS : Sidney Gottlieb 


Ray Treichler 


mzi 



I 


NAMES OF CIA MON I TORS : (Continued) 



APPROVERS: C.V.S 


Roosevelt 




ZS7I.MATS C? COST C? HRAISTHRIIG TZZ MORGAN aALL C 
AXD A TZA3 C? 0?Z?.VTIGG 1.1 SAIT JRAICIGCO . 

Moving of ..furniture • ( Apprcrira tely 5CCG lbs ) 
..'Rental ; ( Estimate ) ••'"•. ' 

.r - Maid Service ■ •_ 

• Telephone": • .1 - 

V'.'l'. Utilities. V’-,.V1 V*' ••• ..... . ■ ■/ . • 

Household ' supplies ; y ' -'.i-r-. ' -y 

• v Ki'sc ( ..tran3port.,X"repair3 , petty cash, etc) ** 


$1200. CO 


5000 . CO 


1500. CO 


• 300,00 


300.00 


loco . CO 


LOCO. CO 




Czeh reculreds: for proposed operatic: 


; 10300.00- 
’ $2900.00 

$ V : Ssod'co": 




.( Moving costs Include special cratir.x for rimers. etc . end corpiete -■ 
. .1 paciing-";. Also includes insurance and esniraned ccsa of storage and 

"-‘hA'i'-m’ redelivery : and imp-aching at destination ) • • . 

■■'-•'."-lyo r ''ylb. Morgan rail \ / • .. •’ ' v “. 

81 Bedford' st., 5. I C U .'V 


, .+* : ( A ' beavy/operaticnal vcrh-ioad night repairs cash cutlm = ..w rh 
* e estinated at this tine. An additional $1700 00 ra>’n~ » - — 
- Of $10, GOO. CO " Cash Required", vould provide a ^ c*~ 




1. Subproject 42 was established in part to provide the Agency with 

Ir.istration of 


a facility for conducting experiments involving tr.e covert a c 
physiologically active materials to unwittin g subjects. 

2. The facility was set up by providing Mr. Morgan Hall with a 
safehouse in San Francisco and furnishing mm with tr.e necessary materials 
and funds to carry out the approved program'. Mr. Kali m turn carried out 
part of the program with the assistance of certain individuals wr.o covertly 
administer this material to other people m accorcar.ce w-i.r. r.ia ins .ructions . 
For their assistance in this program tr.ese incivicuals are paid small sums 
in cash at irregular intervals. 


3. Due to 


fV., 


ur.pr tr.ocox nature 
1 - 


:: these activities and the 


considerable risk incurred by tr.ese ir.civicua is , it is impcssio.e iO recu 
that they provide a receipt tor tr.ese payments or tr.at tr.ey ir.dica.e tr.e 
precise manner in which the funds were spent. 


ire 


4. These small expenditures by Mr. mall will, tr.eretore, appear 
as cash withdrawals from his account tor wr.icr. no receipt from tr.e 
ultimate recipient will be required. Eacr. of tr.ese operations will be . epOi ^ed 
upon in detail to the Chief, TSS /Chemical Division and individually will bear 
his approval when Mr. Hall submits his monthly accounting. 



SIDNEY GOTTLIEB 
Chief, TSS /CD 


APPROVED: 





V. 



6 March 15^2 


MZMORAIIDUM HOE 


SUBJE 


TEE RECCED 
project ICTUII 


Su' 


22 


1. Subproject 22 is to be cor 
vhen originally established: to su 
and realistic field trials of certa 
of interest to TSD, and to maintain 
for these trials . 


.tinned for 
pport Mr. 
in researc 


■ the sane purposes as 
Morgan Hall's covert 
h and development items 
cal facilities recuired 


2. In the mast year a number of cove re 

trials have been succe s s fully carried cut . ' 

excer' rents have creviced factual data essen 
"nrotccols for a number of ccntempiacec opera 
cf covert and realistic fielc trials are nec 
of nev materials in TSD programs; particular 
cLs'^s.ij.sc. cf 't.cs 2 ff 0 C*ivsnsss s — .c. 

systems . Additional trials are also necessi 
better controlled "field- type" experiments. 

3. The estimated cost of the project i 
of one year. Charges should be made againsr 

2. Accounting for funds and equipment 
been established cm a detailed basis vith tr. 
as ir. the mast. 


_and realistic field 
The results cf these 
rial to establishing 
tiens . A ccntinuacicn 
sssitated by the production 
lv in areas requiring 
efficiency cf delivery 
rated by the need for 

s $10 , CCC for a period 
Allotment 2125-13SC-5902. 
under this subproject has 
,e auditor and vLH continue 


c 



r 


•v 





1 Aurust 1955 


MEMC?.A?DUM FC?.: The FFCCF-D 

SU3JZCT '• 


Discussion with rbrgar. Hull Concerning ras- 
ar.d Future Accounting for Funis. 


■ 1 . 

acccui 


Tie ooir.ts raised in the recent audit of tie Morgen Hall 
('•uULIF-t, Subprojects 13, 1= and if) were discussed vith 
Mr. Hall in order to obtain nore couple te accountings where 
possible and to give instructions for future accountings. 


2. The following points uentioned in the auditor's report 


ar9 discussed in the o 
paragraph 30. 


m one orner msy 


c" s.r’s ■ r 


w r J ~ • 


3. All available receipts are now on hand in TSo/O. 


n- 


4. Bari si 


teuenis ana cnec.-rs cor w.= 


are sussing for ». 
and '/ 2 .?ch 1955, a 
for 




he norths of October and dec enter 1954, January 

"o~ the San Francisco car--: obey are sussing 
... — * - - » — — - ...... 

i-_ — / — .... J--, 0/ V- — -V 1 O-S-. -- I • CTJ-ac ' ---0 

cor^r. a4 a..- m u, “T”T” 

s files and ha is certain they were f crvurded to 


me 
axe not 

TSS/CD. 

will recuest duplicate snanener.-s arcs: me can.cs. — - easio_e , 
photostats cf the checks indicated in the statsner.is wd.il be ob- 
tained iron the can.-:, however, Mr. nail poinv.ec cu- — -> -s 
e. rra jor 'LS.S-'C "CO O CZ5.ZZZ phc "00 S"Z2."t S 01 C/l^C.'-S -Z"0_* c- -- « 


It- is not known, where these records were lost. tor. Hell 


< (f,®cls.rs. t ton c_ 
Francisco has been si rr.ee 




w- S— O w» _ U. 




“TC: /'p; 


,s were giver, to M. Hall 
Vo vh. s river. 2. zurz 5 r 


6. The attached wrimen mst. icmon 
cn the suhnissicr. of fuiire accountings. _ 
of g ^ i ~r account cooks and mstructee *.o s end m o..e eacn — c..^.., 
together with all receipts, etc. 


i-rii 1954, which hears the 


was cuesticnec cy me auei-c 
funds involved has beer, signed 


7. Check #053 / cashed 15 A: 
notation "Atlantic City trip", 

An. apprcrcicate breakdown cf th- 
ey M. Hall. This is the best that car. be reconstructed at this 
date. Current instruction: 
for future trios. 


» 


ore detailed accounting 


i 





t « M> < 


IH .0 







-1C- 




b. Check jfGSl for 


c. 


A *» /■*..-> _ i. .. i - e ft P— 

viCU S -=.-35 V=.-< 


raid services, air core., 
that checks adso indue.; 


foci an: 


'ar°s hr’sehola succiues, 
:ed 15 fee 54 s' 


Check .7095 for $1C0 states "cleaning - ^ 
landlord - household supplies." 


_ e-j e, - ) 


d. Check , .,t 100 tor vitu s»a-5s 

landlord - household supplies - cao i: 


^ ^ h -maacle) — 
(not readable) - 


Rent 

34. Lease for the East Coast apartrent vas selective 1 Cur. 53 s. 
rental of $235 oer north fer a period of 21 norths ending 30 Rep ot. 
status of the lease, the arourt paid, ann -ne aneun^ s-. — - c.-s, — — p 
could not be verified because of nissing paid checks, lack of receipt 
\j lack of knowledge when the apartnert vas vacaten. it is understood t 
•the lease vas cancelled with tr.e loss ci only ere aorta's - -=nt -~g- es 
by an advance deposit rare at the tme ci executing tne lea^e. ms - 
J " - ■ ■ '~35 each. Three otner 


show 18 additional parnents have been _ane ci i- 

• . . -* ~ ■ - T'«._ Z, ! .d r n— > 

r*Q_ y rP_ V Q O 06 H 1 SSU 8 CL IOT UC -» c-ZC. - — ■— ^ 

indicate the apt was vacated as cf ;i ^an to. 
status of the lease should he ascertained. . 


;5, if 2°, this vcula 


■* — r* <- o r * 



for $20.53 is not explained or ot 


36. Thre; 


dair.~ —a -- - - q tapes 


__ ^ _____ totalling $62.30 were subnitted, 

^presunably for expenditures, but there is no explanation or ide.rtific 
as to date or purpose. 

37. In insurance certificate showing $25 rrsniun cn sr.iprsnt o_ 


/ ~ 
J housenold ei 

been raid. 


sets vas subnitted but no e. -.came is a.. 


ilable that it 


33. Reccrr.erdaticr. - In addition to explaining arc recouping t 

above deficiencies, it is recomenned v-.ra - cua_..S-ih acm. - ; -o J u5 

obtained; the starting balance should be $2,901.62, all cash received 
end raid out, and the balance on nar.n s.ccuir oe s.rovn; ~—~y c_ ‘ 2 '-~ 
cr cash paid out should be eaten, iterated ana ; supported & -=^.e_- 

sales invoice or explanation, of wry suer, support camov. oe 5u. .^e-; 

statenents and paid checks should oe sucrittea cnar-erly cr.o. a 


retort should be rendered on tne use ot lice 


v — , - . - . , 


vhetr.er given 




away or censured, lore ah?, 
or. lienor w~ i th ~o -.s to its necessity 


* r. — -pc c — o* 


retorts should be signed by tbs chief ot tne division im- 
prove. 1 of 2 -1 1 appropriate expenditures. 


The accounting 


eating ms 


c 



tes 



am 

at- 


3S 






j £1/ ‘fojjj 




SUB-PROJECT NO. ^3 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 

University of Oklahoma 

QSJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : This study was to perron?, re- 

search in the field of psychology of the dissociated** states and 
of hypnosis. Research yielded promising leads in terms of know- 
ledge of how hypnotizabi 1 i ty can be influenced by pharmacological 
means. Several drugs (unspecified) were identified chat were ap- 
parently effective in speeding the induction of hypnotic states 
and in deepening the trance that is produced in given subjects. 
Observations were also made of drugs (unspecified) that provide 
seme degree of immunity to hypnotic influence. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1955 - 1956 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : Testing on human subjects. It is not stated 

in the file whether the subjects were volunteers or non-volunteers. 
FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Gescnickter Foundation for Medical Research 
APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 521,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : witting 

OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


Robert V. Lashbrook 
James H. Drum- 
Sidney Gotti ieb 



APPROVERS-: 


Willis A 


Gi bbcns 


c 



13 *? 





c 


SUB-PROJECT NO, 44 

PRINCIPAL -RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 

Universi ty of II] inoi s 
College of Medicine, Chicago 

OB JECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : The objective of this research 

was to develop screening and bio-assay techniques for psychomi- 
metic (capable of proudcing a psychotic-! ike state) agents which 
do not involve human testing. The work was not classified. 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1956 - 1958 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : Although this research was confined to the 

use of small animals, the last paragraph of the proposal states: 
"In the course of the work this year we have tested a number of 
-compounds of a completely different chemical nature from the known 
psychomimetic agents. The animal tests indicate that these com- 
pounds may be psychomimetic in man. During the coming year we 
propose to complete the work on the screening techniques so far 
developed and put them on a basis that will make them useful as 
routine laboratory test procedures. Also, we shall continue work 
with the new agents, carrying them to human test to verify their 
psychomimetic activity." There is no indication that testing on 
human beings occurred. 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Geschickter Foundation for Medical Research 

APPRQXIMAiE TOiAL : 343,000 - Sterile checks made to the 

University 



133 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS: 


~ne principal investigator J 



, v/ere 


both cleared and witting. 


N unknown if witting. 
The contract with the University has a paragraph reading: "(2) 

The conduct of the investigation will be under the full control 

of the University which will supervise and direct all experimental 
work". 

OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated 

'NAME OF CIA MONITOR : 

APPROVERS : Robert V. Lashbrook 

Col . James Drum 
Willis A. Gibbons 



2 



f 


lid 


Pro j . <15 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 45 




PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AMD LOCATION 


Dr. Charles Geschickter 



O BJECTIVE A MD O XTAILS OF WORK : This project involved the search 

for, and preliminary testing of, materials (not mentioned) which 
might alter consciousness and have other physiologic effects 
(alteration of blood pressure, cardiovascular responses, body 
temperature or anti-cancer properties). The purpose was to identify 
and evaluate substances which might have application in the psycho- 
chemical and "K" (knockout drops) fields. No comments indicating 
the results of the project were found. 

_ APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1955 - 1953 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: Body fluid of seriously ill medical patients 

were screened for toxic substances and animal experiments on the ef- 
fect of these toxic substances were conducted. After pharmacology 
cal and toxicity studies in animals, those active substances which 
were determined to be within a suitable toxicity range were to have 
been tested on appropriate patients after initial testing had been 
done on advance cancer patients. No further information regarding 
this suggested human experimentation was found. 


As this project progressed, it evolved into a study of stress 
which may have had medical benefits for patients. 




FUNDING: 


COVER' MECHANISM : Geschickter Fund 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: S600.000 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS: 


NIH - witting 



unknown if witting 

, University of 
Richmond - unknown if witting 

Toxicology - unknown if witting 

Or. Geschickter - witting 

OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated. Project proposal for 1961 says 

that of total research effort of $71 ,500 for year, 
"sponsor" (CIA) will fund $40,000. 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Sidney Gottlieb 

Robert V. Lashbrook 


APPROVERS : Willis A. Gibbons 

C.V.S. Roosevelt 






James H. Drum 






SUB-PROJECT NO. 46 
PRINCIPAL- RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Research into the mechanics and 

effects of LSO: (I) Develop a specific antidote; (2) a sensitive 
method for assaying it in urine and in blood; ( 3 ) a screening sys- 
tem for psychochemicals; (4) determine the relationship between 
chemical structures and biological activity in this type material; 
(5) study the structural relationship between LSD-25 and other 
similar materials now available. 



APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1955 7 1953 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Geschickter Fund - Cashier's 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : S235,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 

OTHER SPONSORS : Eli Lilly Company 


checks 


Public Health Service 



NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Sidney Gottlieb 




APPROVERS" James H. Drum 



Robert V. Lashbrook 
Willi's A. Gibbons 
C.V.S. Roosevelt 





PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: Dr. Carl C. Pfeiffer, Emory 

University, New Jersey/,Neuropsychiatric Institute-, 
mmmmm Atlanta Federal Penitentiary 
OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: To study drugs affecting the 

central nervous system, looking towards an anti-interrogation 
drug. Also, to screen and evaluate hallucinogenic materials 
of interest to Technical Services Division. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1955-1962 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: Testing on human volunteers at Atlanta 

Federal Penitentiary and (Volunteers 

at Atlanta Federal Penitentiary received $2900 during 1 June 
1957 - 31 May 1958 period.) 

In 1960 100 inmate/ volunteers , aged 21-28, from the New 
Jersey State Prison at Trenton were used. 

In 1962 the 5ordentown (N.J.) Reformatory averaged 10 
volunteers a week for tests of drugs which alter human behavior. 

In 1962 work was initiated to evaluate a compound producing 
temporary amnesia and an alcohol -like effect on behavior. 
FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: Geschickter Foundation 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: 5375,000, paid by cashier checks 


E2 IMpdET 

cl^by awwa 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS: Dr. Carl C. Pfeiffer - Wi 


OTHER 'SPONSORS: None indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Ray Treichler 

Sidney Gottlieb 
Robert Lashbrook 



APPROVERS: James H. Drum 

Willis A. Gibbons 
C. V. S. Roosevelt 


“5 

O 


CO 





SUB-PROJECT NO. 48 

PRINCIPAL' RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 


Cornell University Medical 
School 


OBJECTIVE AND DE TAILS OF WORK : The objective was motivational 

study in three major areas. First, the Chinese Project which 

USeS ^ Blll ^ vo1unteer students in motivational research studies 
with the objective of determining the best way to recruit and 
motivate neutral agents. Second, the study of defectors, which 
was a psychological study of defectors. The last studied Com- 
munist indoctrination techniques and stress psychology in general. 
This project also created the Society for the Investigation of 
- Human Ecology as a cut-out mechanism. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1955 

S IGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None, as subjects were volunteers 
FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : None indicated 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: Over $150,000, unable to determine the 

specific amount within present time 
constraints. 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : witting 

OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Sidney Gottlieb 


APPROVERS : Willis A. Gibbons 


r 


Prroj. <191 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 49 (See also 5, 25 and 29) 


PRINCIPAL RESEARC 


AND LOCATION: 



. Psychology Department 
University of Denver 
Denver, Colorado 

OBJECTIV E AND DETAILS OF WORK : Research into the nature of 

hypnosis and possible operational uses including the use of 
hypnosis as a learning aid; use in interrogation and counter- 
interrogation. Uses and limitations of hypnosis. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : FY 1956 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : No n e 

FUNDING: 


CQVcR MECHANISM : Geschickter Fund for Medical Research 

Washington, D.C. 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : S34,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS : 


- witting 

P, Research Assistant - 
unknown i f wittina 



unknown if witting 

OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES OF CIA MONIiORS : Dr. Sidney Gottlieb 

Willis A. Gibbons 

APPROVERS: 


Chief, Technical Services Division 


Research Assistant - 




/S3 




SUB-PROJECT NO. 50 (See also 30 and 13) 

PRIN CIPAL RESEARCHER AMO LOCATION : Ft. Detrick, Maryland 

OBJ ECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To supplement a petty cash 
imprest fund at Ft. Detrick. It was cancelled when the Office 
of. Finance would not approve as they would not receive the 
accounting. Technical Services Division would not comply as 
they did not want the accountings to go outside the MKULTRA 
procedures 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1955 '■ ' 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : None 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : None 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : None 

OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Dr. Sidney Gottlieb 

Willis A. Gibbons 
C.V.S. Roosevelt 

AP PROVERS : Acting Deputy Chief, Finance Oivision 

disapproved. 



ICS 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 51 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 



OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To isolate, characterize and 

identify naturally occurring compounds with psychogenic pro- 
perties. Much of this work was done with mushrooms. Also 
studied were new types of heterocyclic compounds which could be 
useful in elucidating the actions of known chemicals having cen- 
tral nervous system efrects. These compounds were related to LSD. 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1955 - 1962 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None . 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM: Not indicated 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $117,000 


RESEARCH PART I C I PANTS : 



Research fellows: 


wi tting 



- unknown if witting 
unknown if witting 
unknown if witting 
unknown if witting 
unknown if witting 


OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Dr. Sidney Gottlieb 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : (Continued) 


APPROVERS : Wi 

C. 


Ray Treichler 


Ill's A. Gibbons 
V.S. Roosevelt 


2 


I 


I 

I 

: on . 

ro ' 


t <8 


■ poj<] i 


SEBBtl 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 52 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 



OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Provided consulting services 

on procurement and preparation of chemicals for Technical 
Services Division. Procured botanical specimens, primarily 
mushrooms, on field trips. 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : 
FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : 
APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


None 


Geschickter Fund 


$52,000 



Ray Treichler 



Sidney Gottlieb 


Robert V. Lashbrook 


Willis A. Gibbons 



cn ! 
co 


/6a 


. Proj . 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 53 
PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Review overt Russian and American 

pharmacological literature with respect to the problems of 
Technical Services Division. Evaluate the reliability and 
validity of proposed and completed research projects'. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : FY 1955 - FY 1960 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Sterile check 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $60,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS : None 

OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Sidney Gottlieb 


Robert Lashbrook 



Dr. Raymond Treichler 
APPROVERS: Willis A. Gibbons 




0,2 




I 

f 

} 




Proj. 55 


SUB-PROJECT No. 55 




lil i 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 



Professor of Pharmacology , 



OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : The purpose of the study v/as 

to discover the pharmacological effects of certain groups of com- 
pounds prepared by miHMiand associates of the Depart- 
ment of Pathology. Animal tests were conducted. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1956 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 


FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM: Geschickter Fund for Medical Research 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $2800 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 



if witting) 



(witting) 

Research Ass 1 1. (unknown 
Research Ass't. (unknown if 


OTHER SPONSORS : 

NAME OF CIA MONITORS : Dr. Sidney Gottlieb 

Mr. Robert Lashbrook 


APPROVERS: 


Dr. Sidney Gottlieb 


Mr. Willis A. Gibbons 


/ G(? 




SUB-PROJECT NO. 6n 

P RINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION- c. 

' - Stanrord 

University or Medicine 


Akohol Research _ 0eternjn . ng 

erfectiveness of food in delaying alcohol absorption; effective- 
ness o f . sympa thorn i ne t i c drugs in delaying absorption; develop a 
test of alcohol tolerance. 


1 959 fol 1 owing 


- In 
death 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN - 1956-1960 

SIGNIFICANT ASP ECTS : None 


FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM: None 

^OXIWiWTflL.. S131, 000 - Geschickter Fund for 

Medical Research 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS- U 


OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES of CIA Homrnpg. Robert Lashbrook 

Sidney Gottlieb 


APPROVERS: 


Will i a A. Gibbons 



1 

I 


b tn 





‘ r°-*r! 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 57 


PRINCIPAL' RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 



OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Perform research on sleep and 

on insomnia - with emphasis on narcosis induced sleep. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 
SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: 



F, a TSO staff 


employee, to serve as project monitor under cover as Ass't 
Research Professor, (without compensation). 2. Human 
subjects to be used ($300 budgeted). 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Cashier's checks from Society for Investigation 

of Human Ecology 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $33, 000. 00 
RESEARCH 'PARTICIPANT: 


Witting 



Witting 


OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Robert Lashbrook 



Sidney Gottlieb 


APPROVERS : Willis A. Gibbons 


E2 IMPffET 



L BY 


X. 



no 



I la 


I 


! cn ? 

I-J9J 


Pruj 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 59 


PRINCIPAL RES EARCHER AND LOCATION : 


.• ' University of Maryland 

OBJECTIVE AMO DETAILS OF WORK: Pharmocol ogi cal testing and 

evaluation of certain checmical compounds that might have 
properties of interest to Technical Services Division. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1956-1957 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: Geschickter Fund for Medical Research 

APPROXIMATE FUNDING: $4,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: None 

- OTHER SPONSOR: None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Robert V. Lashbrook 

APPROVERS: Willis A. Gibbons 



H3 




u J . uu 


i 




l 


r-. 

\ ' 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 60 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : Society for the Investigation 

of Human Ecology, Inc., New 
York City. 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : This project established a 

covert funding mechanism, the Society for the Investigation of 
Human Ecology, Inc., (SIHE), for the support of sociological 
and psychological studies. Prior to SIHE, this activity was 
part of the Human Ecology Study Program of Cornell University, 
which sponsored, with Agency financial, assistance, studies 
primarily at Cornell. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1955-1962 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : Many projects of little or no direct 

value to CIA were funded, primarily to develop the cover of SIHE 
as a legitimate Foundation. These "throw away" projects were 
carefully screened prior to funding by a review panel which 
included persons who originally controlled the Cornell Program. 
Thus, even though projects of little value to the Agency were 
funded, a panel had reviewed the cover projects for their 
possible contribution to society. 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Society for the Investigation of Human 

Ecology, Inc. 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL :Not possible to determine at this time. 



MS 


E2 IMPOST 


CL BY 


' * 
k 


K. 


RESEARCH PARTICIPA 


IS: 



Witting. 


rom Cornell, 


OTHER SPONSORS : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


Witting. 

None indicated 
Sidney Go 1 1 1 i e b 


from Cornel 1 , 


APPROVERS: 



Wil 1 is A. Gibbons 




C.V.S. Roosevelt 


Ill 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


Cornell University Medical 
School 

Ithaca, New York 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: To study the role of the human 

brain in overall adaptive behavior. Spefically to show the 
relationship of changes in behavior due to stress to changes 
in behavior brought about by actual loss of cerebral tissues. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1955-1960 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: By the Medical Sciences Research 

Foundation and Society for the 
Investigation of Human Ecology, Inc. 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $226,000 • 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: Witting 

Plus seventeen research assistants. 
Unknown whether assistants were Witting. 


OTHER SPONSORS: None 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



Mr. Robert V. Lashbrook 



APPROVERS: Mr. Willis A. Gibbons 

Dr. Sidney Gottlieb 



Mr. C. V. S. Roosevelt 


I 


n°i 


?.9 ■ r°-M 



r 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 62 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AMO LOCATION: 


National Institute of Health 
Setnesda, Maryland 

OBJECTIVES AND O ETAILS OF WORK : The purpose was to partially 

finance studies on the effect of physical and chemical agents on 
the central nervous system of anthropoids (man-like animals) at 
NIH. The file is basically financial records of, 
travels and expenses. He visited 




He rented a 

safehouse, purchased electroshock units and books and made expendi- 
- tures for an "LSD Project" including one trip via flHHBI cn 
5 August 1957 and Eastern Airlines on 13 November 1957. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1955-1963 ' 

SIG NIFICANT ASPECTS : Unspecified involvement with "an LSO Project" 

and NIH association. 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Sterile Cashier's Check 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $35,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: tfRtawmr-rf witting. 

OTHER SPONSOR : NIH, Unknown if witting 


WARNING NMICS 

SENSITIVE INTSjfnGENCE SOURCES 
AND METMTOS* INVOLVED 


E2 IM 


I 

I 



LYED 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Robert V. Lashbrook 


Ray Treichler 



APPROVERS : Sidney Gottlieb 

Willis A. Gibbons 



2 



182 


Proj. 63 



SUB-PROJECT No. 53 (See also Nos. 8, 10 and 66) 



PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 

OBJECTIVE AND DEiAILS OF WORK : ihe objective of this project was 

to reimburse flHHP for personal services rendered. These in- 
cluded i n 

> lectures, briefings, participation in planning sessions and 
participating in, and reporting on, certain professional meetings 
and conferences. He also participated in and directed Agency- 
sponsored training in operational aspects of alcohol and social 
drinking. a ^ so explored the use of alcohol as a social 

phenomenon with particular emphasis upon those variables that 
would prove predictive in the assessment and possible manipula- 
tion of human behavior. He was also expected- to cpnsult on any 
additional work that might be done with hallucinogenic drugs of 
immediate operational interest. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1955-1961 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : Human testing. File does not indicate if 

on volunterr or non-vol unteer basis. Modification of behavior. 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Initially by sterile cashier's check then 

by Human Ecology Fund 
APPROXIMATE TOTAL: S5.600 


E2 IMP DEI- 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 


Witting. 


OTHER SPONSORS: None indicated. 


NAME OF' CIA MONITORS: 



C.V.S. Roosevelt 



APPROVER: Willis A. Gibbons 



C 


2 



3 April i?°r 


' ( 




MEMORAIHXJM FOR: TZS RECORD 

SUBJECT: . MEULTRA, Subproject 63 (Continuation) 

1. The purpose of this subproject is to maintain the professional 

services of TSd/? 3. These services include 

soecial consultations in s ? ec - e ^- ?no jec 
vhich have re a ui red. his cneiincs, parv-ici-av-icn in 

nlanning sessions, and ongoing observation and research. 

2. £■■■■} has developed since 195 '+ under agency sponsorship 
considerable exnerience vith psychcphamacological materials of im- 
mediate relevance to the Agency operational capaoility in tn^s i_elc. 

In addition to sene of the core esoteric hallucinogenic drugs , 

has done a number of studies involving the use of alcohol, ce has 
recognized that the variations in behavior demonstrated by non-alcoholic 
individuals in a natural setting suggest: tnat srudies of alcohol. &s a 
drug have been tco superficial. It is planned to have cor - ti3Ua 

to exolcre the use of alcohol es a social phenomenon vith particular 
enuhasis uocn those variaoles tnat vculd prove predic^i/e in lie assess- 
ment and possible manipulation of human behavior. In addition, VHMHI 
vould be expected to consult on any additional vork that may be dene viti 
hallucinogenic drugs of immediate operational interest-. ■ 

3* The cost of the oregram for one year is estimated to be $5tC0. 
Charges should be made against: Allotment il25_-1390 _ 3S0Z_- _ . 




£3 - S' 



A. 


MSMORAKDUM BCR: 


RECORD 


SUBJECT 


: MKULTRA., Subproject 63 (Continuation) 


1. The ouroose ox this sucproject ns to continue tne mechanism 


reimbursing 


for personal ser/ices rendered TSD/CB. 


These ser/ices include special consultations in 


in and reporting of certain professional nestings and conferences, 


soecif ic areas of study which 


111 give suecial attentic: 


the following: 


(a) Developing a classification of natural drinking situations 

(bars p.rn cafes) in ''hcir.ity which has wide 

applicability. 

(This is a develcprent free pilot studies started 
in 195c with nore crganined studies in 1952 sv-d 

19590 

(b) Continuation of bartender interviews previously reported, 
with the goal of obtaining a core rspresennative sarnie 
prd , obtaining the additional infcrration available free 
interviewing techniques that have irpreved with experience . 

(c) Developing netheds for study of bar and tavern clients with • 
the air of using this field station as a natural ibcus for 
personality and situational appraisal and prediction. This 
work has been in progress since 195 c but has those manifold 
difficulties of a relatively unstructured, uncontrolled sit- 
uation. 

(d) Reviewing the pilot studies of . 195° which led to the struc- 
tured studies of 1957> 195S and 195 9* The original pilot 
studies ware used to develop the subsequent structured ex- 
periments but the data was never organised. How after pro- 
gressing through three years of structured experiments to 
field experiments, it may prove valuable no rerun to the 
original data and give it sufficient at.menticn to see what 
it can contribute . 



a 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 64 



PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : Charles F. Geschickter, M.D. 

Washington, D.C. 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WOR K: To compensate Dr. Geschickter 

for personal services rendered but not charged against the fund- 
ing mechanism account. These services were said to include con- 
sultations in personnel and facilities for research programs, 
covert procurement of drugs and other material , time spent on 
cover activities with the fund, and personal time spent in covert 
testing of materials and gadgetry not connected with Geschickter 
Fund projects. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1955 - 1956 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : None 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $3,000 in cash 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : Dr. Geschickter - witting 

OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Robert V. Lashbrook 

APPROVERS : Willis A. Gibbons 



"O 

o 



i 

v 


i 





SUB-PROJECT NO. 65 


PRINCIPAL' RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


Cornell University Medical 
School 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To study those factors which 

influence human behavior that could be used for achieving intel- 
ligence objectives. There were three efforts: (1) To better 
understand factors which cause an individual to defect, commit 
treason or change loyalties; (2) To develop skills by which 
potential defectors can be detected; and (3) To develop methods 
for increasing the chances of. defection of various target indi- 
viduals. Sampling techniques from information gathered from 
- Hungarian defectors was used. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1957 - 1958 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Society for the Investigation of Human Ecology 

APPROXIMATE FUNDING: $75,000 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 




L witting 
unknown if witting 
- unknown if witting 
‘- unknown if witting 

- unknown if witting 


OTHER SPONSORS: None 


E2 IMP..DET" 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


S 


FS&f 



Robert V. Lashbrook 



APPROVERS: Willis A. Gibbons 



i 




Proj . 66 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 66 (See also Nos. '8, 10 and 63) 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : The objectives of this project 

were as follows : 

a. To systematically test a number of techniques for pre- 
dicting a given individual's reactions to LSD-25, other psycho- 
chemicals and alcohol. 

b. To study predictors of intoxication in both tests and 
natural situations. 

c. To experiment with drug effects, "alcohol placebos", 
and chemical extenders. 

d. To compare alcohol effects on a small sample of subjects 
on whom repeated observations can be made during periods of 
naturally induced stress, moderate despression and fatigue. 

The experiments were conducted on approximately 100 subjects. 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1956 - 1960 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : Testing on human volunteers, and, possibly, 

on unwitting subjects. 



FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM : Human Ecology Fund 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL: S75.000 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 



wi tting 


OTHER SPONSORS: 


None indicated. 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


Sidney Gottlieb 



C.V.S. Roosevelt 


APPROVER: William A. Gibbons 


I"- 



MEMORANDUM FOR: THE RECORD 

SUBJECT : Continuation of MXULTRA, Subproject 66 


1. The purpose of Project IviXULTRA, Subproject No. 66 is to 


support the research program on the determinants of alcohol intoxi- 



one year starting 16 September 1 9 3 S through 16 September 1959. 


2. The scope of the project will include: 

(a) Continuation of double-blind experimental studies 

of drug effects, employing various "alcohol placebos" 
and chemical extenders developed by TSS/CD; 

(b) Comoaring alcohol effects on a small sample of sub- 
jects on whom repeated observations can be made 
during periods of naturally induced stress, mood de- 
pression and fatigue; 

(c) Observation and prediction of the behavioral changes 
accompanying alcohol consumed in such "natural" social 
settings as bars and clubs. 

(d) Special advisory services and consultations byjflHHW 
(formerly reimbursed under MXULTRA, Subproject N*o. 
63, which has been discontinued). 


3. The project, will continue to be financ-ed through the Society for 
the Investigation of Human Ecology, Inc. The Society acts in the capacity 
of a cover organization. The cost of the program, for this year will be 






n- ci 



1. It is reouestec that 1.1KU 


TRA Subproject No. 66 
be continued to support the researcn program ou tne determinants oz 
alcohol at 

by associates. The program will be contin- 

ued for one year starting 


i o oeotemoe 


r 1957 through 16 September 1953. 


2. The scope of the project will include (a) contin- 
uation of blind experimental studies o: drug eitects, employing various 
"alcohol placebos" and chemical extenders developed by T55/CD; 

(b) continuation of studies or predictors of intoxication; (c) exploration 
of the feasibility' of obtaining signmcant observations m natural social- 
drinking situations as a basis for assessing "normal” personality; 

(d) development c: checklists and other types of formal prediction scales 
•A detailed proposal is attached. 


3 The project will continue to be financed through 
the Society for the Investigation oi Human ideology, Inc. Tne Society 
acts in the capacity of a cover organization l he cost o: the program 
for this year will be $29,052.33. Charges shoulo be made against 
allotment 8-2502-10-001. 


4. The Society for the Investigation of Human Ideology , 
Inc. will requestflHHHHHHk 10 submit to them a summary accounting 
of monies received from the Society. They will request return of any 
unexpended funds received under the grant trom the Society. 

5. Recuiremer.t for a six month informal accounting 
on the part of the principal investigator is ’waived. 


6. Title to any permanent equipment purchased by 
funds granted the^BBlfcwill be retained by the^^B^in lieu of 
higher overhead rates. 


7. 

the progress of the : 
acceptable intervals 


It was agreed that technical reports reflecting 
:search program will be submitted at mutually 



m 





MEMORANDUM ?QR TEE RECORD 
SUBJECT: MKULTRA Subproject 66 


1. Subproject 66 is being initiated as a naans to support a 
research program in the -general fie ld of predicting drug efforts to 
be undertaken at the .under the direction 

°T Program vill be for a period of one year starting 

15 September 155° through lo September 1557- 


2. The scope of the project vill be (a) to systematically test 
a number of techniques for predicting a given individual's reaction to 
LSD 25, other psychcchemicals and alcohol, (b) to determine the extent 
that these techniques can be employed to predict reactions to stress 
spoliations other sham these produced by psychochenicals, (c) to test 
out the feasibility of training non-professional observers in the use 


of these evaluation and prediction technicues and 
intoxication produced by alcohol consumption in a 
situation" and relating this to LSD intoxication . 
is attached. 


(d) to study the 
"social drinking 
A detailed proposal 


3- This project vill be financed through the Society for the 
Investigation of Hunan Ecology, Incorporated. The Society vill act in 
the capacity of a cover organisation. The cost of the program for a 
period of one year vill be $24,5CO.CO. Charges should be cade against 
Allotment 7-2502 - 10 - 001 . 

4. The Society for the Investigation of Human Ecology, Inoomorated 
^ill request submit; to them a summary cf 

accounting cf monies received from the Society. They vill reouest the 
return of any unexpended funds received under the grant from the Society. 

5* Requirement for a six month informal accounting on the part 
of the principle investigator is Vaived. 

6. Title to any permanent e«uicnent uurchased by fends granted 
the HHm vi 11 be retained by the ia. lieu of higher 

overhead rates. 

7- It vas mutually agreed that documentation ped accounting for 
travel expenses vhich are reimbursable by the vill conform 

•with the accepted practices cf that institution. 




•V; 



progress of .the research program vill c-e sue nit 
acceptable intervals . 


/• 

i 

\ 


ns reflecting 
.ed at — ntnallj 


9 - 

true nature 


is cl 


oartn- 




ough TCP SIC PET and is avare c 



TSS/Cherical Division 
APPROVED: 



APPROVED ICR 



Research Director 


Date 

/ 

Attachment : 
Proposal 

Distribution: 
Original Only 

JJH:n> s 


• o . 



I 


\ 

O * 

c-. C 


C 7 \ 

! 




SUB-PROJECT NO. 57 



PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 


Institute Oi Sex Research 
University or Indiana 


OBJECTIVE AMD DE TAILS OF MQRX : Library searches, consultation 

assessment and evaluation of data submitted by Technical Services 
Division, translation and transcription services. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1557 

FUNDING : 

C OVER Me CHAN ISM : Society for the Investigation of Human 

Ecology, Inc. 

APPROXIMATE TOTAI : 52,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : None 

OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 

Sidney Gottlieb 
APPROVERS : Willis A. Gibbons 


t 

l 

i 




SUB-PROJECT NO. 68 


PRINCIPAL -RESEARCHER AND LOCATION ; Or. D. Ewen Cameron 

Allan Memorial Institute of 
Psychiatry at McGill University 
Montreal, Quebec 

OBJECTIVE AVO OETAILS OF WORE, : To study the effect coon huran be- 

havior of the repetition of verbal signals. .This worl< resulted fro.t 
a request to the Society for the Investigation of Human Ecology 
from the Allan Memorial Institute of Psychiatry for a grant: "to 
study the effects upon human behavior of the repetition of verbal 
signals". There is no evidence that the Agency influenced the 
nature of this research. Patients selected were those suffering 
_ from extremely long-term and intractable psychoneurotic conditions. 
They were treated with LSD-25 and other similar agents to break 1 
down on-going patterns of behavior. The plan included intensive re- 
petition (15 hours a day for six or seven days) of prearranged ver- 
bal signals — patient is kept in partial sensory isolation -- then 
continuous sleep for seven to ten days. Lasting behavioral changes 
of two months duration were achieved in one case. 


23 April 1959 Memorandum for the Record states that Dr. Cameron 
completed over 100 cases, "with some rather dramatic results, parti 
cularly with neurotics". 

there is no indication in the rile as to whether the patients 






were witting. 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: 


Tescing of LSD on human beings, and covert- 
ly funding research in a Canadian University. 

FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM : Society for the Investigation of Human Ecology 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $60,000 in Cashier's Checks 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : Dr. D. Ewen Cameron, unwitting 

OTHER SPONSORS : Allan Memorial Institute of Psychiatry (McGill 

Uni versi ty ) . 

17 August 1360 Memorandum for the Record indicates 
the U.S. Air- Force was considering co-sponsorship 



Sidney Gottlieb 
Robert V. Lashbrook 
APPROVERS : Willis A. Gibbons 

C.V.S. Roosevelt 


SKV") 


2 



! cr> 

• o 

M 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 69 
PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


Professor of Sociology 
Rutgers University 

OBJECTIVE AND D ETAILS OF WORK : To interview Hungarian refugees 

regarding Sociology of the Communist system in the throes of 
revolution. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1957 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING: 


fflVER MECHANISM: Society for the Investigation of Human 

Ecology - Cashier's check 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES OF CIA MON I TORS : 


$5,000 




unwi tting 


Robert V. Lashbrook 
APPROVERS : ' Willis- A. Gibbons 

Sidney Gottlieb 




20 *) 


£io 





SUB-PROJECT NO. -70 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 

Stanford University Medical 
School 

OBJcCTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To develop a temporary incapac- 

itanc drug and to denne mechanisms involved in producing in- 
voluntary sleep and related unconscious states. This project is a 
follow-on to Sub-Project No. 57. Testing was conducted on animals. 
It is not known if human testing was involved. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1 957 - 1961 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: 



FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Medical Sciences Research Foundation 

APPROX I MlATE TOTAL : 5150,000 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 






/ 


3 U 


Proj . 7 ] 


X 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 71 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


Stanford University, School 
of Medicine , California 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : The purpose of this project 

was to continue the utilization or^mm^ who during this 
period was located at the Department of Medicine, Neurol ocy 
Division, Stanford University School of Medicine. He did 
clinical testing and evaluation or anti-interrogation drugs, 
monitored other projects being performed at Stanford, attempted 
to develop miniatured polygraph, reviewed literature, attended 
and reported on meetings, and acted as a consultant. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1 957-1 Sol 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: 



FUNDING : 

COYER MECHANISM : None. 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $40,000, payed by sterile cashier's 

check s. 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : Witting. 

OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated. 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Sidney Gottlieb 


r 


APPROVERS : C.V.S. Roosevelt 

James H. Drum 






I’roj. 72 ; 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 72 (Also sea Sob-Projects lios. 70 and 71) 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: 


S tan Tor 

University School of Medic in 
Perform research on the 


neurophysiological and pharmacological effects of central nervous 
system antagonists and synergists. 



FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM : 
APPROXIMATE TOTAL 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSORS : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


Medical Sciences Research Foundation 
S 50,000 


'Witting. 


None indicated 
Sidney Gotti ieb 



APPROVERS: 


James H. Drum 
Sidney Gottlieb 


E2 IMPOET 
CL BY 012702 

3 1 5 


(u a. 




Proj. 73 


v. 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 73 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: 


Util 122' 


source for current foreign and domestic literature in the 
hypnosis field. 

Establish whether susceptibil ity to hypnosis can be in- 
creased by use of drugs, such as alcohol, mescaline, scopolamine, 
LSO, etc. Also, to determine the extent to which various drucs 
possess specific "hypnosis-like" effects. 

Advise on other related • projects as required. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1 557 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : The project called for arrangements 

to be established with 


(No further info.) 


FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM: 


Medical Sciences Research Foundation 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL : ' $7,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 


OTHER SPONSORS : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



APPROVERS: 


Sidney Gottlieb 


James H. Drum 



PI7 


3i2 



-■* 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 74 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : . Consisted of many (in excess of 

25) grantees, both individuals 
find institutions, in various 
parts or the United States and 
the world. 

08JECT IVc AND DETAILS OF WORK : As the Society for the Investiga- 

tion of Human Ecology (SIHE) became better known in the scienti- 
fic community and its reputation grew, it became the recipient of 
many unsolicited proposals from researchers around the world. 

Since some of these proposals were of interest to the Agency, it 


was the policy of the Society to encourage research proposals. 

It was, therefore, decided that in order to maintain its bona 
fides with the scientific community, the Society should fund 
selected smaller research proposals as a "cover", even though 
there was little, if any, interest in or prospects for a product 
of value to CIA from these proposals. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1953 - 1962 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None, although on reading the file without 

prior knowledge of the purpose of these "cover" grants, they could 
be misinterpreted as to the extent of CIA interest. A sample of 
project titles: “An Exploratory Study on the Effects of Circum- 
cision"; "A Study of Cross-Pressures on the District Officer in 
Burma"; "Research Program on Intergroup Attitudes"; and on. 




a\<V 


FUNDING: 



, onom-i 


COVER MECHANISM : Society for Investigation of Human Ecology 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : SI 00 ,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS : Hone 

OTHER SPONSORS : Many of these sub-sub-projects had supplemental 

sponsors in addition to SI HE sponsorship. 



Sidney Gottlieb 
C.V.S. Roosevelt 



Willis Gibbons 


Z2\ 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 75 


SE 




PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Studies of the effects of psy- 

chotomimetic substances utilizing psychological and physiologi- 
cal observations. Funds (52,756) were also expended under this 
sub-project to assist in the publication costs of the proceedings 
of the symposium on "Specific and Non-specific Factors in Psy- 
chopharmacology" of the III World Congress of Psychiatry, Montreal. 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1S60 - 1 SSI 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : Comparison of Psilocybine wi th LSD-25 and 

' Mescaline in a "small known population of human subjects". No 
further details available. 



FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Geschickter Fund for Medical Resea-rch 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : -S7,000 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS : None 

OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 

APPROVERS : C.V.S. Roosevelt 

Willis A. Gibbons 



^32 





SUB-PROJECT NO. 76 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 



OBJECTIVE a, no details OF '..■OR:< ; To perform a one-year study on 
anti-authoritarian behavior -- as an extension of earlier Tech- 
nical Services Division work on Communist prison methods as 
they affect U.S. Prisoners of War. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : Mid- 1953 - Mid- 1959 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM: Society for Investigation of Human 

Ecology, Inc. • 


APPROXIMATE TOTAt : 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSORS : None 
NAMES’ OF CIA MONITORS: 


S10.000 




APPROVERS: 



Wil 1 is A. Gibbons 



E2 IMPQSJ^ 1 







c 



OU.RCES 


SU8-PR0JECT NO. 77 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : Educational Testing Service, 

Princeton, New Jersey 


OBJECTIVE AMO DETAILS CF WORK: 


(1) To explore the basic 


elements of two personality theories 01 
and attempt to integrate them. A unified theory of personality 
was felt necessary in order to develop procedures for both 
direct and indirect personality assessment. 

(2) In the later phases of this project, work was aimed 
at indirect personality assessment -- that is, attempting to 
develop procedures for personality assessment based upon 
observable physical and behavioral traits. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1 957-1 S52 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: 






FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Society for the Investigation of Human 

Ecology, later the Human Ecology Fund. 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: 3110,000 




E2 ItfPET 





RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS: 


(: 


of the 


Educational Testing Service is 
cleared and witting. 


investigator, witring. 


principal 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


APPROVERS: 



Wil 1 is A. Gibbons 


C.V.S. Roosevelt 




- 2 - 


} 

i 


222 


Proj . 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 73 


PRINCIPAL- RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 

OBJECiI VE AMO DETAILS OF WORK : To provide complete micro-bio- 

logical support ranging from research establishing production 
capabilities to meet Technical Services Division special require- 
ments (special requirements not specified), to provide special 
materials as well as general advisory and system developmental 
service in connection with the overall micro-biological and bio- 
logical program. Provides cover and acts as a cut-out for spec- 
ial jobs. There was also work on tagging and blood type identi- 
fication. 



APPROX IMATE TIME SPAN : 1957-1964 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : None 

APPROXIi-TATE TOTAL : $190,000 paid by sterile check 

RESEARCH' PARTICIPANT : 

OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 

Robert V. Lashbrook 



APPROVERS: Willis A. Gibbons 


C.V.S. Roosevelt 



E2 IMP.DET 






2^0 


6 / 'fo.i'j 





SUB-PRO.JECT NO. 79 ' 

PRINCIP AL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: H. J. Rand Foundation 

Cleveland, Ohio 

OBJEHIVE^ND details OF WORK: The H. J. Rand Foundation of 

Cleveland, Ohio agreed to act in the capacity of a "cut-out" 
for the purpose of funding organizations engaged in very 
sensitive research. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1957-1962 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING. Sterile checks to the H. J. Rand Foundation 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 

all of the Rand Foundation were witting 
of the Agency relationship. 

OTHER SPONSOR: None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 

Mr. Willis Gibbons 
APPROVERS : C. V. S. Roosevelt 



E2 IMP 



251 


23*2 



-■€ 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 30 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: Unknown 

OBJECTIVE A ND DETAILS OF WORK: To provide services of a very 

sensitive nature to conduct extraction and identification 

techniques of drugs, toxins and biological entities from human 
tissues. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1953-1962 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: Unknown 

FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM: Geschickter Fund 

- APPROXIMATE TOTAL: S25.000 

.RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: Unknown 

OTHER SPONSORS: Unknown 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 

Ray Treichler 

APPROVERS : C. V. S. Roosevelt 


E2 IMR 




BY 



3,33 


?.3i 


SEpKT 

/ 

SUB- PROJECT NO. 81 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AMO LOCATION : Not specified but at 

Cornell University 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: To study the adjustment of 

Hungarian refugees including the psychological testing and 
examining of some refugees. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1953 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNOING: 

COVER MECHANISM: The Society for the Investigation of 

Human Ecology 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: 510,000 






20 Tojd j 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 32 
PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: Problems of adaptation to life 



in Wk ^fugees of the 1956 uprising. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1953-1960 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM: Human Ecology Fund 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $15,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 

OTHER SPONSORS: None 
NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 

APPROVERS :• Willis A. Gibbons 






i 



25 8 


cn • fOj f , ; 



Tin I 


& 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 83 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


Employee of Society for 
Investigation of Human 
Ecology 

OBJ EC 1 1 VE AND DETAILS OF WORK: To support an editorial and 

technical survey of: graphology, ESP, subliminal perception, 
hypnosis, truth serums, expressive movements and magic. - This 
led to a $3,500 grant to a 

HHiHflBHHHHHHHHHiiHV to 

Division. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1953-1960 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING: 



COVER MECHANISM: Society for Investigation of Human Ecology 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $58,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: None 

OTHER SPONSOR: None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



APPROVERS : Willis A. Gibbons 

C. V. S. Roosevelt 




E2 IMg£^ 


231 


f 

! 


<24D 


I’roj. 04 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 84 



Harvard University 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: To study the induction of high 

motivation in individuals by means of specific interpersonal 
relationships. Further to establish the limits of usefulness 
of hypnosis. Ultimate aim was improvement of agent assessment 
techniques . 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: The Society for the Investigation of 

Human Ecology 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: S55.000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: fitting 

OTHER SPONSOR: None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: £■■■■■■£ 

APPROVERS: C. V. S. Roosevelt 




iProj. 05 




SUB- PROJECT NO. S5 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AMD LOCATION: 



Stanford University 
School of Medicine 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: Establishing and substantiating 

"true identity" of individuals, either staff or agent, through 
the medium of blood groupings. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1958-1959 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM: Medical Science Research Foundation 


APPROXIMATE FUNDING: SI ,000 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 



OTHER SPONSOR: None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 




APPROVERS: C. V. S. Roosevelt 


Willis A. Gibbons 



2H3 


e*4 4 


Proj . 06. 


SUB- PROJECT NO. 36 



PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION 


Stanford University 
Medical School 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: To design and build miniature 
polygraph machines and to study the feasibility of developing 
a polygraph for use on unwitting subjects. • 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1958-1959 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM: Medical Science Research Foundation 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: S43.000 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 
OTHER SPONSORS: None 
NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 




Witting 


Willis A. Gibbons 


APPROVERS: 



Willis A. Gibbons 


I 

I 

I 




Proj. 07 


SUB- PROJECT NO. 


PRINCIPAL- RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : Johns Hopkins University 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Further research on harrassment 

techniques. This project was to investigate hyper-al I ergenic 
(allergy-inducing) substances and to provide Technical Services 
Division with small quantities of these substances. It was to 
support Technical Services Division's "requirement to establish 
an offensive chemical toxicants capabi 1 i ty . " (Memo or 15 Feb 1553) 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1S59-1S65 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : Technical Services Division's stated re- 

quirement to maintain an offensive chemical toxicants capability. 
FUND I NG : Cashier's checks 

COVER MECHANISM: Medical Service Research Foundation 

Geschickter Fund (1S55) 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 520,700 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS : (Johns Hopkins 

University) - unknown 


OTHER SPONSORS: 


None indicated. 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



Ray Treichler 


n ! 
C . 










SU3- PROJECT NO. 83 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCAiION: 


Princeton University 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: To develop a training package 

which would assist case officer to understand his and other 
cultures in order to enhance his agent-handling capabilities. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1958-1959 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING : Cashiers Checks 

COVER MECHANISM: Society for Investigation of Human Ecology 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $5,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: - Unwitting 

Princeton University 


OTHER SPONSOR: None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



APPROVERS: Willis A. Gibbons 



2b 0 


-s 

o 






Sp?i 

SUB-PROJECT NO. S9 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: an 

experienced psychiatric 
case v:o r L 

OBJECTIVE ANO DETAILS OF WORK: To determine the factors leading 

to the critical decision of certain Hungarian refugees in the 
United States to return to Hungary. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1958-1960 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: Society for the Investigation of Human 

Ecology 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: So, 900 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: — — . witting 
OTHER SPONSOR: None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: ■■■■■■? 

APPROVERS: Willis A. Gibbons 



3 S3 


> 




! 




Proj. 90 



SUB- PROJECT NO. 90 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: BP— fc ' 

MIT Center for International 

Studi es 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: To study the scientist in 

produce a descriptive model of the type likely 
to come in contact with Americans -- and develop strategies for 
evaluating and influencing such scientists. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1958-1959 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: Society for the Investigation of Human 

Ecology 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $12,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: ( MIT ) " Unwitting 

OTHER SPONSOR: 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: ■■■■■MB 
APPROVERS: C. V. S. Roosevelt 


The Massachusetts Institute of Technology has asked the CIA to clarify its 
involvement with CIA drug and behavior modification research: The 
research performed at MIT was conducted by an independent researcher. 
The purpose of the research was to obtain a better understanding of the 
personalities and motivations of scientists of a particular foreign country 
who were likely to come into contact with American scientists. The project 
was neither administered nor funded through MIT. 



^53 


Pro i . 



c 


c 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 91 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND_LOCATION : 





OBJECTIVE AjND nBTAILS OF WORK: To perform pre-cl i ni cal phai^a- 


cology studies required to develop new psychochemicals and to 
test the promising drugs (not specified) on animals. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1959-1962 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None. 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Medical Sciences Research Foundation, Inc. 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : SI 1 0 ,000 

RFSFARCH PARTICIPANTS : HMM' Witting. 

Isbell, Geschic<ter, 

andVBBMI From 


unknown if witting but all believed to 




OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated. 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Ray Treichler 



APPROVERS : Willis A. Gibbons 

C.V.S. Roosevelt 






I 


357 




SUB-PROJECT NO. 92 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


Harvard University 


OBJECTIVE AND DEiAILS OF WORK: Research into the feasibility 

adapting teaching machines to foreign language training. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1959-1960 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 


FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM: Human Ecology Foundation 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: 523,000 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: None 


OTHER SPONSOR: 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



APPROVERS: Willis Gibbons 




Proj. 93 


■SUB- PROJECT NO. 93 



PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCAiIOK: Unknown ' 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: Unknown. No indication in 

file of purpose of sub-project. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: FY-1962 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: Unknown 

FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: Medical Sciences Research Foundation 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $15 ,080 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: Unknown 

OTHER SPONSOR: Unknown 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



APPROVERS: Mr. C. V. S. Roosevelt 


Dr. Sidney Gottlieb 


: f 



<36 | 




S11R-PRQJECT NO- 94 
PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: "Investigations of the remote 

directional control of activities of selected species of animals 
Ultimate purpose was operational use of animals in delivery 
systems. Systems unspecified - could have included audio and/ 
or photo devices. (Implantation of miniaturized stimulating 
electrodes in specific brain center areas of animals - rats, 
burros, dogs.) 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1959-1962 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: Medical Sciences Research Foundation 

Later - Geschickter Fund, D.C. 



APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $124,231 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: None 

OTHER SPONSORS: None 

NAMFS OF CIA MONITORS: 



APPROVERS: 


C. V. S. Roosevelt 
Sidney Gottlieb 



E2 


ET 



2 ^ 




* 6>3 



University of Illinois 



SUB- PROJECT NO. 95 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER ANO LOCATION! 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: Research in field or cross- 

cultural meaning systems (emphasis-on semantics and communi- 
cations) in support of agent handling problems and in technical 
supported political activities. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1959-1962 . 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM: Society for the Investigation of Human 

Ecology 


APPROXIMATE FUNDING: SI 55,000 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 



Witting 


Many others at University .of Illinois - 
All unwitting 


OTHER SPONSOR: None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 
APPROVERS: C. V. S. Roosevelt 


sEpr 







Proj. 96 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 96 

PRINCIPAL RFSF ARCHER AND LOCATION: 


Professor Psychology 
Ohio State University 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To secure data on European re- 

search attitudes and personality information on researchers. 
The problem of understanding human behavior. 

APPROXIMATE TIME' SPAN: 1959 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : The Society for the Investigation of 

Human Ecology, Inc. 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $34,465 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: Research Assistant - 

wi tting 


OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 
APPROVERS: C.V.S. Roosevelt 


E2 I 





BY 


£>>£= 7 




SUB-PROJECT NO. 97 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 

University or Wisconsin 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Process of personality change 

during psychotherapy. Focus upon schizophrenics wi th a control 
composed of normal individuals. To provide certain techniques 
of influencing human behavior that might have significance to 
the Agency. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1959 • 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

' FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Human Ecology Fund 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $13,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS : Approximately seven psychotherapists at 

University of Wisconsin participated in 
project. 

OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 

APPROVERS: C.V.S. Roosevelt 



7 


- u : 

o * 






SUB- PROJECT NO. 98 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


Queen’s College 
New York, New York 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : "Proposal for Research on 

Some Aspects of Mass Conversion". A study into the mass psy- 
chology involved in brainwashing, mass detection, etc. 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1959 - 1960 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None • 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Society for Investigation of Human Ecology 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 59,375 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 

OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 

APPROVERS : C.V.S. Roosevelt 

Sidney Gottlieb 




37D 


2^1 


SUB- PROJECT NO. 59 


Vr 


PRIN CIPAL RESEARCHER AMD LOCAiIQM : __ . 

“ Pennsylvania State University 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Services related to certain 

physical studies which are required to develop effective materials 

which will influence the central nervous system. Project also 

supported studies on the optical rotatory power of solid and 


liquid crystals for a period or six months 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : August 1959 - November 1951 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Medical Sciences Research Foundation 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : S24 ,000 paid by sterile checks 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS: Various co-workers who were unwitting. 


OTHER SPONSORS: None 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



APPROVERS: C.V.S. Roosevelt 




SUB-PROJECT NO. TOO 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


Pennsylvania State University 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Investigations into soil micro- 
organisms and methods by which maximum information could be ob- 
tained from samples or soil. Purpose - detection of£IHl^|^P 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : iyay - 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM: Medical Sciences Research Foundation 

Geschickter Fund 
APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 5226,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS: Various members of the 


OTHER SPONSORS : None identified 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


APPROVERS: 


C.V.S. Roosevel 
Ray Treichler 



2n£ 


I’roj. 1 U l 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 101 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 



Ohio State University 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: For consultative services on 


the biophysics of the central nervous system; probably on 
the storage and transfer of energy in organic systems. 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1959 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM: None 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSORS : None 
NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



Robert V. Lashbrook 



C.V.S. Roosevelt 


wi tting 


APPROVERS: C.V.S. Roosevelt 




i.i- 1 


2U 


oLll 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 102 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


Professor of Psychology 
University of Oklahoma 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Behavior of naturally formed 

groups of adolescent boys in Texas and Oklahoma as a func- 
tion of group membership and environment. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1959 - 1960 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Society for the Investigation of Human 

Ecology 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $5,750 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 


OTHER SPONSORS: 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


APPROVERS: C.V.S. Roosevelt 





37 % 


5 ,^ 


Proj . 103 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 103 



PRINCIPAL RFSFARCHER AND LOCATION 



International Board 
~of Directors 

Children's International Summe: 
Villages, Inc. 

Cincinnati, Ohio 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: Study in non-verbal communication 

to assess communications between 16-year old children at a reunion 
of those who had attended a Children's International Summer Village 


at age 1 1 . 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1959 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : (1) Our interest in the Children's Inter- 

national Summer Villages, Inc.; (2) Our stated purpose to assist 
a humanitarian and international understanding, while enhancing 
the cover of the Society for the Investigation of Human Ecology; 
and (3) Our interest in assessing these teenagers for possible 
Agency usage. 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Cashier's check - Society for the 

Investigation of Human Ecology 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $1,900 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 



unwi tti ng 


OTHER SPONSORS: None identified 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



APPROVERS: C.V.S. Roosevelt 



The Children’s International 
Summer Villages, Inc., has asked 
the CIA to clarify that the 
institution received an unwitting 
grant for research from the CIA 
and that the CIA did not participate 
in any manner in the design and 
execution of t he research. 

320 


2.8 I 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 104 


PRINCIPLE RFSFARCHSR AND LOCAiIOM: 



University of Houston 

OBJECTIVE AMD DETAILS OF WORK : The study of the relation- 

ships between the two principal classes of micro-organisms 
involved in the deterioration of petroleum products for possible 
use in petroleum sabotage. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : Jan 1960 - March 1961 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : 
APPROXIMATE TOTAL 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSOR : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 

APPROVERS: 


Medical Sciences 
$ 10,000 



C.V.S. Roosevelt 


arch Foundation, Inc. 



E2 IMP, 



2S2 


383 


SUB- PROJECT Mo. 105 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCAiiON: 


Professor of 
Bacteriology , University of 
Wi sconsin 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To study virulent and non- 

virulent staphyl ococci , the varieties of toxins produced by the 
various staphylococci as well as the intensity will be determined 
as sub areas in this study. It is expected that the eventual goal 
of this investigation will be biochemical tests which will identify 
the organisms of interest. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1960-1951 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None apparent 


FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM: 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL: 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 


OTHER SPONSORS: 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


APPROVERS: 


Medical Sciences Research Foundation 
$4,000 


f, Witting 


None indicated 



C.V.S. Roosevelt 




S8N 


22s 


901 ToJil 


SUB-PROJECT No. 105 


PRINCIPAL RFSFARCHER AND LOCATION: 





OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To study biological 

systems with particular reference to quantifying the relation 
ships between a stimulus and the biological response to that 
simul us . 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1959-1960 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM : 
APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSORS : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


Medical Science Research Foundation 
$35,000 



None identified. 
Raymond Treichler 



APPROVERS: 


C.V.S. Roosevelt 


^21 


SUB- PROJECT NO. 107 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER A ND LOCATION : American Psychological 

— ~ Association 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Grant to American Psycho- 

logical Association to support travel of selected psychologists 

to the ■■■■■■■■■■■■MV ^ 

to establish contact withj^^ psychologists and learn state 

of the art of|^B research. 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : 
FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM: 


None 


Society for the Investigation of 
Human Ecoloav 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSOR : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 
APPROVERS: 




Intel 1 igence 


C.V.S. Roosevelt 



232 


a2°i 


Proj. 100 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 108 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : (Unwitting) 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF h'ORK : Recruitment of^B? as source 

using his study of behavioral 

characteristics of^HBI^ Grant awarded to get^B^to become 
actively interested in establishing sources of information^®? 



APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1959-1961 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM: Society for the Investigation of Human 

Ecology 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $8,100 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS: None 



APPROVERS: C.V-S. Roosevelt 


E2 IMPDjEJ 


I 


I 


^°\ I 


iProj. 109 


SUB-PROJECT No. 109 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCAiIOH : 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : 
pharmacological agents directed to 



Study of potential psycho- 
the evaluation of inter- 


relationships between molecular constitution and biological 
response. Purpose is to obtain data on biochemical cnaracteristi^s 
of certain substance ot interest to lechnical Services Division. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1950-1955 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 


FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM : Geschickter Fund for Medical Research 

APPROXIMATE T0TAL :S30,000 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : None 

OTHER SPONSOR: None indicated 


NAMES 


OF CIA 


MONITORS: 



Ray Treichler 

APPROVERS: C.V.S. Roosevelt 



Sidney Gottlieb 




3 “15 


t 


5^3 


Proj. no 


SIIB-PROJECT NO- HO 


\ ; 



ocrj£ l . 



PRTNfTPA! RESEARCHER AND LOCAiION: 


OBJECTIVE AiND DETAILS OF WORK : To provide a source of exotic 

pathogens and a capability to incorporate them in erfective 
delivery systems. Establish a production capability and a 
sufficient supply of material to be maintained in a ready 
state to meet anticipated requirements. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1950-1964 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : This was a continuing program. The faci- 

lity and program were already in a service posture on a limited 
basis. It was to reach its projected capability by 1952. 
FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Not stated. 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : S270.000, paid by Cashier's checks 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : Not stated. 

OTHER SPONSORS : None. 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : flHHIHl 

Ray Treichler 


APPROVERS: Sidney Gottlieb 



n ^ : V 







III -roJcj: 


SUS-, PROJECT No. IN 



PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER A; ID LOCATION : 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To study levels of motivation 

as related to certain personality characteristics and contribute 
to Technical Services Division's long term interest in indirect 
assessment. One of the "actors in making this grant was to lend 
prestige to the Society for the Investigation of Human Ecology, 
Inc., as a world-wide funding organization." 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 

OTHER SPONSORS : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 

APPROVERS: 


1960-1961 

'None 


Society for the Investigation or 
Human Ecology 


$ 33,000 


None identified. 


Unwi tting . 


C.V.S. Roosevelt 







h 




\z n ■ ro-id 1 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 112 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCAl ION: 



Assistant Professor 
Indiana University 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Children's Conceptions of 

Occupational Roles and Status. Grant awarded to support Society 
for Investigation of Human Ecology's cover. CIA interest was in 
its application to selection of technical and scientific careers. 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : None 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM: Society for the Investigation of Human 

Ecology 


APPROXIMATE FUNDING : 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSOR : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 


$ 6 , 055.00 

None 

None 




APPROVERS: 


C.V.S. Roosevelt 




212 


< 2^7 <7 


SUB-PROJECT NO . 113 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCAiIO;- 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : 
design, manufacture and formulati 
utilizing gas propelled sprays ar 



(Association and Location 
not indicated in files.) 

Experimentation related to 

on of devices and systems 

d aerosols. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 
SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : 
FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM: 


1 950-1 953 
None 


Direct paymen 
by Cashier's 


check drawn on a local 


bank. 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSORS : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 

APPROVERS: 


$5,000 



Raymond Treicnler 
Sidney Gotti ieb 
C.V.S. Roosevelt 



E2 IMBDET 



300 


— <3 
7a - 
o 
<±K 




5d>\ 



sw 


! 

i 

i 


SUB-PROJECT NO. IK 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCAiION: 


Butler Health Center 
Providence, Rhode Island 



OBJECTIVE ANn DETAILS OF WORK : To continue Dr. York's study 

on predictability of behavior during social alcohol (and pos- 
sibly LSD) drinking and to develop behavioral rating scales 
which relate directly to the underlying motivation in human 


behavior. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1960-1561 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None apparent. (No information available 

re makeup of the subjects under examination 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM: Society to Investigate Human ecology 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : S3.Q00, paid by Cahsier s checks. 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : witting. 

OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 

APPROVERS : C.V.S. Roosevelt 

Sidney Gottlieb 


i o 


I 



"3 03 . 



I 


303 


I 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 115 
PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER ANO LOCATION 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Study of the interaction 

between the mentally disturbed and tneir environmeni.. 10 gain 
further insight into additional taci-ors which may influence human 
behavior and to achieve further development of the world-wide 


activities of the Human Ecology rund . 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1 950 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: -None 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSORS : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 

APPROVERS: 


Society for the Investigation of Human 
Ecology 

$4,000 



None Identified 



Sidney Gotti ieb 
C.V.S. Roosevelt 



E2 IMP, 



3pH 


) 


90s' 


I Pro j . 116 



V i-» * 


t* 

i 


SUB-PROJECT No. 115 



OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: 


To util 



Covert 


procurement or 


ize the services of 
special biologically 


active chemicals and other products. Further to arrange tor the 
Covert production of special sensitive organic compounds. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1950-1954 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: tlone 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : 
APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSORS : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


APPROVERS: 


None 


$206,000, 
by 


paid directly to 
check drawn on a 


oca 


bank. 



, employees 


None 



Raymond Treicnler 
C.V.S. Roosevelt 



$ 



10b 


■ i 


I 

I 


“S 

o 



3 ( 3 '] 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 117 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AMD LOCAiICN: 


Cornell University (OSI 



OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: Cross-cultural studies of 


family structure and personality development. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAM : 
SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : 
FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM: 


1 S50 


None 


Society for the Investigation of 
Human Ecology 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 


OTHER SPONSOR : 

NAMES- OF CIA MONITORS : 
APPROVERS: 


$7,035 



National Institute of Health 



C.V.S. Roosevelt 


Sidney Gotti ieb 



E2 IMM-ET 




*> 0*1 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 118 


PR T NTT PA! RESEARCH AND LOCATION: . 

Pennsylvania State University 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To provide the consulting services 

of a microbiologist for the Biological Warfare/Chemical Warfare 

detection- program. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1 960 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Sterile Cashier Checks 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $5,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 

(Pennsylvania State University) - witting 

OTHER SPONSORS : Non e identified 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Raymond Treichler 


APPROVERS: C.V.S. Roosevelt 




3lO 


! 



3W 


61 1 ' r«^<J 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 119 


PRINCIPAL 


[SEARCHER AND 


LOCATION: 


Texas Christian University 
Unwi tting 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: A critical review of literature 

and scientific developments related to the recording, analysis 
and interpretation of bioelectric signal from the human 
organism and activation of human behavior by remote means. 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1960 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: None . 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: S6,000 - Human Ecology Fund 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 
OTHER SPONSORS: 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



Sidney Gottlieb 


APPROVERS: C. V. S. Roosevelt 


O 


ro 

o 


t 


313 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 120 


SM'd 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: Establish laboratory procedures 
for testing the effects of drugs on the central nervous systems 
of animals . 



APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1960-1966 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None. No human testing involved. 

FUNDING: 



OTHER SPONSOR: None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Ray Treichler 



APPROVERS: Sidney Gottlieb 



3 V ^ 


i 



i 


3li 



U i. U i : >- I 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 121 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: 


Purpose : -Reeru+t-pro mi-si ng-young 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1950-1963 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECiS 


Professor or Psycmatry 


FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM: 

Society for Investigation of Human Ecology 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL 

l 513,850. 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 



OTHER SPONSORS 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS 


Sidney GottneD 

APPROVERS: C. V. S. Roosevelt 

Sidney Gottlieb 


E2 If 











M 

ro | 


3\1 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 122 



PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: To prepare and characterize 

highly purified NEUROKININ. Neurokinin is presumed to be a 
major medicator in the stress reaction. Further to study the 
physiological and pathological significance of neurokinin. 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: FY-1960 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: Society for the Investigation of Human 

Ecology 



APPROXIMATE TOTAL: 52,000 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 
OTHER SPONSOR: None 



NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



Sidney Gottlieb 


APPROVERS: C. V. S. Roosevelt 


E2 IMP, 


SH8CT 


BY 



3v* 


& 





Proj. \12 



SUB- PROJECT NO. 123 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCAiIQN: 



OBJECTI VE AND DETAILS OF WORK: 
(images . Study expected 
in different social st 
stages of independence. 



Columbia University 
Investigation of Emerging 
to add to our knowledge of how 
rata are reacting to various 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1960-1361 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 

FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM: Society for the Investigation of Human 

Ecology 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $20,000 . 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: Unknown 

OTHER SPONSOR: Unknown 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


APPROVERS: C. V. S. Roosevelt 




l2o 


32 \ 


'f’roj. \?A 




t 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 124 (See also Nos. 2 and 140) 



OBJECTIVE AMD DETAILS OF WORK : The objective was to develop a 

more sophisticated methodology for measuring carbon dioxide ten- 
sion, the pH of body fluids, and to study relationships between 
blood pH and psycnophysiological variables. The acid-base equi- 
librium of psychiatric patients was to be surveyed. Then, the 
feasibility of altering the acid-base equilibrium, and thereby 
their mental condition, by carbon dioxide inhalation was to be 
investigated. The duration of psychophysiologic alteration after 
such inhalation was also to be studied on normal volunteer patients. 

'The apparent CIA interest was to investigate the possibility of in- 
ducing a drug-like state through the simple expedient of carbon 
dioxide inhalation. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1S60 - 1965 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : Testing on human volunteers. 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Human Ecology Fund 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $6,500 



7 


OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated 


NAMES OE CIA MONITORS: 




APPROVERS: Sidney Gottlieb 


C.V.S. Roosevelt 




2 



tv 




:) 


( 


D?- 


15 Se 


cer 1 


0 


KHMGEAiiBvJM JOR: TEE RECORD 


SUBJECT 


KXULTPAj Subproject 124 


i r 





1. It Is recuested that Subproject 124 be approved to 

of ■■■■■■■■■■■I 

in "The psychcphysiolcgical Cor- 
relates of Carbon Dioxide Envircmant" in accordance vith the 
attached proposal. 

2. This study -dll add to cur rethcdolcgical sophisti- 

cation for measuring careen dioxide tension and pE of cony flmcs 
as veil as our hrovueege of scue o_ une - 2 I - 1 a— -s 

bleed pH and certain psychcphysiolcgical varraoles nen.-cne n 

the attached proposal. 

3 . This project vill he funded through the Society for the 
Investigation of Hunan Ecology, Inc. for cover purposes. The 
accounting for funds expended shall conform to the established 
procedures of that organisation. Title to any pemanent ecuipnent 

. . t -1 Heu overhead 

shall rerain vrtn 

charges. 

4. The total cost of this project for six rentes is es pi- 
rated to be $ 6,500 as indicated in the attached budget. Charges 
should be rade against Allotment 1525-1009-1902 . Any unused funds 
vill be returned to the Society at the corpleticn of the project. 







Proj. 125 



SUB-PRO JEGT NO. 125 


/' . 

I .• 




( 


l 


c 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 



Veterans Administration Center 
Martinsburg, West Virginia 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: this project partially sup- 


ported an on-going study at the Veterans Administration Center 
in Martinsburg, West Virginia, studying differential errects of 
drugs on behavior. The emphasis was on the placebo er'rect and 
the interaction between placebo and drugs. The drug was d-amphet- 
amine and the dose level was 10 mg. The study attempted to isolate 
subtle effects which, at that time, were highly pertinent to evalua 
ting results from the Agency's more general work with psychcpharma- 
-coloaical agents. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1S60-1953 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : Four group members of the Domiciliary at 

the Veterans Administration Center, Martinsburg, West Virginia 
were involved in the tests: those receiving drugs, those receiving 
placebos, those who were not aware they were receiving drugs, and 
those receiving nothing. Two published articles resulted from 

these studies. 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM: Society for the Investigation of Human 

Ecology, Inc. 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: 512,000 



321 






SUB-PROJECT NO. 126 


PR INCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : _ - 

University ot Florida 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Human adaptation to 

disaster: response to stress and crisis. Results could 

increase sophistication of CIA's mission. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1 950 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 


FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM: 


Society for the Investigation of 
Human Ecology 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 


OTHER SPONSOR: 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


APPROVERS: 


$4,225.00 



University of Florida 


(Witting) 




C.V.S. Roosevelt 



-bio 


5 > 3 \ 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 127 


princ-ipAl researcher and lo 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : A study of the open voting 

records of a select group of voters over a 50 year period 
Anticipated results could contribute 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAM: 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: 


1950-1952 


FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM: 

Society for Investigation o 


Ecology 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: 

$7,500.00 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 

Unknown 

OTHER SPONSOR: 

Unknown 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


Robert Lashbrook 


APPROVERS: 


C.V.S. Roosevel 






333 


SUB-PROJECT No. 123 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 



known 


location not 


OBJECTIVE AMO DETAILS OF WORK : To test a method of rapid 

hypnotic induction in simulated and real operational settings. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 
SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : 
FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : 
APPROXIMATE TOTAL 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSOR : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


1950-1 951 


None 


Not indicated 


$ 9 , 000.00 



(unknown 


if witting) 


Unknown 



APPROVERS: 


C.V.S. Roosevelt 


33 / 


SUB- PROJECT No- 129 



i 

t 

i 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION 



OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF KORK : Computer analysis of bio- 
electric response patterns: significance for polygraph. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1960-1961 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM: Society for the Investigation of Human 

" Ecology 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSOR: 


$2,505.00 

None 

USAF Office of Scientific Research - 
Funded $27,500. 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 


APPROVERS: 



C.V.S. Roosevelt 




• *r 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 130 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCAiION: 


(Witting) 


Columbia University 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Investigation of] 

Personality Theory on patients with different symptoms: indirect 

assessment. 

1951 - 1 962 
None 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 
SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: 


FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM: 


Society for the Investigation of 
Ecology 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSOR : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 

APPROVERS: 


$13,570.00 



Columbia University 



C.V.S. Roosevelt 




333 


3 3.1 


SUB- PROJECT NO. 131 


C- 



r 

4 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 





OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK: Pay salaries, travel 


other expenses 


of deep cover staff agent in 



and 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1961 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM: 


Society for the Investigation of 


APPROXIMATE FUNDING : 
RESEARCH Participant : 
OTHER SPONSOR : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 
APPROVERS: 


Human Ecology 

$15,000 (funds' fromUDivision) 

Unknown 

Unknown 



C.V.S. Roosevelt 
Sidney Gotti ieb 



E2 IMEBtT 



'3RD 


■?> H 1 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 132 


S 


i;L l 




PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATIONS : New York and Chicago 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : "Realistic tests of certain 
R&D items of interest to TSD/C3 (Technical Services Division/ 
Chemical Branch), including a facility and personnel for the 
operational testing with complete non-attributabi 1 i ty of 
sponsors. “ 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1961 - 1964 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : Appears that fol lowed Morgan 

Hall. File has nothing controversial in it. 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Not stated 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 526,000 - Sterile Checks . 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : " a public relations 

consultant in New York City" - witting 
OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Sidney Gottlieb 

Ray Treicnler 



APPROVERS: C.V.S. Roosevelt 





-5 

O 


! 

i 

» 


OJ Z. 
OJ • 


3 H 3 



J 


i 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 133 
PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : (1) Information on the micro- 

biological participation in mineral transformation: mineral 
transforming microorganisms. (2) Grant renewed to research for 
new and unique approaches to energy production and transforma- 
tion (bio-batteries). 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1961 - 1963 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None • 



FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM: Gescnickter Foundation, Washington, D. C. 



APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS: 



technician 



graduate student 



undergraduate student 


OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



Ray Treichler 



»rn 



tlu 






NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: (Continued) 



APPROVERS : C.V.S. Roosevelt 

Sidney Gottlieb 





;Proj. 134 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 134 



PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 

Unwi tti ng 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Study of relationships between 

body type and temperament (personality characteristics). Purpose, 
clandestine indirect assessment. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAM: 1951 - 1963 



SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : 
FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : 
APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT: 


None 


Human Ecology Fund • 

$ 22,000 



Consultant 


Human Ecology Fund 


wi tting 


OTHER SPONSORS: None 



APPROVERS : C.V.S. Roosevelt 

Dr. Sidney Gottlieb 



E2 IMB-DET 



SHT 

• - nr 


3h<3 


Proj. 135 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 135 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : The purpose of this project was 

to fund a research program involving the clinical testing of 
biologically active materials, which could be administered 
transdermally (through the skin) using human volunteer subjects. 
This project was cancelled before it got underway and monies 
authorized were transferred to Sub-Project 91. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1961 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : Intent to test human volunteer subjects. 

FUNDING : ■ '• 

COVER MECHANISM : Medical Sciences Research Foundation 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $25,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : None " 

OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 

APPROVERS: C.V.S. Roosevelt 


Q 






I CJ ! 





SUB-PROJECT NO. 136 


PRINCIPAL RFSFARCHER AND LOCAiION: 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Experimental analysis of extra- 
sensory perception. To evaluate the possibility of using extra 
sensory perception in the intelligence field. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: FY 1961 



SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM : 
APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 
RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 
OTHER SPONSORS: None 


Human Ecology. Fund 
S3, 579 



identi fied 


NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



Unwi tting 


Sidney Gottlieb 


APPROVERS: C.V.S. Roosevelt 


I 

I 

I 


3s<Q 


I’roj. 137 




SUB- PROJECT NO. 137 
PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To complete an illustrated 

psycho-lexicon of writing and the written word. (This study 
on graphology was then 80% complete, and was later published 
with acknowledgement of the Society for Investigation or 



Human Ecology support. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1951 - 1963 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None apparent 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM: Society for Investigation of Human Ecology 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $2,000 


RESEARCH PARTI Cl PAN i : 



OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



APPROVERS : Sidney Gottlieb 




3 

1 


I 


-s 

o 


35 H 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 133 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 



University of Texes 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Research on b i c~ed i cal instrumenta- 

tion. To develop a capability for remote testing (Polygraph, 

EKG, etc.) for use in indirect psychological and medical assess- 
ments. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1961 - 1962 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Geschickter Fund 

Medical Science Research Foundation 


APPROXIMATE TOTAL: $36,000 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 

OTHER SPONSORS : None identified 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Ray Treichler 



Si dney Gotti ieb 
APPROVERS: C.V.S. Roosevelt 




I 


3 bio 


Proj . 139 









1 / 


Ut 



Lio 3 


n 


G 


SU3-PR0JE-CT NO. 140 (See also Nos. 2 and 124 
PRINCIPAL. RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 



0BJECTIVE>AND DETAILS OF WORK : Under cover of "Thyroid Research" 

the project v/as to design and conduct controlled experiments in- 
volving pharmacological and clinical tests on human volunteers. 

IHIwas provided 2 grams of Cytomel Sodium by the Agency. 

A report states that test facilities are established, a source of 
volunteers is assured, and a cover program has been initiated. 
Completed were preliminary phases or studies involving marking 
and identifying individuals and doing the clinical uesos of be- 
havioral control materials. Programs were designed <-0 carry i.he 
investigation further. In September 1 9 o 5 , this project was 
terminated and another project approved. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1S62 - 1955 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : Testing on human volunteers 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Payment by sterile Chasier's Check until 

1964, then transferred to the Gescnickter 
Fund. 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $63,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS : 

unknown if witting -- only a bill of services 
is in the file. 

E2 I.'- 






f— - 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS: (Continued) 


TOP SECRET clearance). 
OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Ray Treicnler 


APPROVERS: 



ng (holds 


Sidney Gottlieb 




L 77 ut-^ 

rj a t ° lx> . _ . r — • -i : i ^ 


Brancn- 


Category 


* rv •*. Al '--J at J. * t 1 * C v* / . i Ji r. vj ij 


.( Via) 


Project Title. 


CLINICAL TESTING item Classificatior 


Project Crypto. 


Crypto Classif.catior 


Branch Project No. 


Project Engineer. 


RAY teeicrltr 


Contractor- 


Contract No. 


/?) X 5 /3 T as k No- 




Tvoe of Contract. 


Date Initiated. 


inrl! 19GA_ 


• $22,250 


Comoletion Date 


.y ■> ever 


Purpose: 


To design and conduct controlled ex?erir.cnts 
involving pharmacological and clin-cnl v.ests 
in human volunteers. 


. . f-'-.'.-a. 




Status. - ^ f^cilittes are established. ' Source of voluni-ceis 

iTJ^rnfu cover prosra* has baeu initrafoa Pre_U=in ?! 

chases of studies involving narking ana _ i 1 ce “ t ^ fi ^ a ! : : 0 ^ Jeen'co--"" 
and clinical testing of behavioral cont.c. ^ve 

pleted. Programs have been designed to c^rry the in o4 ~ 

further. 

Requirement: ' . 

Intornally generated in TSD,. 


3fc! 


I 

1 


I - 1 



3ta 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 141 



PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : Dr. Geschickter 

Washington, D.C. 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : Not specified; possibly for 

accumulated research expenses. 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1962 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS :' Unknown 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Geschickter Fund for Medical Research 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : S40,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : Dr. Geschickter 

OTHER SPONSORS : None 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Ray Treichler 

APPROVERS: C.V.S. Roosevelt 





Si 


E2 IMPfigT 

4 



363 





SUB-PROJECT NO. 142 



j 



PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: 



ontractor in 



OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : A quote from the original proposal: 

"It is proposed to carry out certain biological studies involving 
electrical brain stimulation of cold-blooded animals. In addi- 
tion to the various theoretical reasons for such studies, it ap- 
pears that certain practical guidance systems involving more de- 
tailed behavioral control of both positive and negative sorts may 
be possible than are presently attainable in warm-blooded animals 
being investigated." The final report was entitled: "A Study or 
Comparative Anatomy". 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN: 1563-1965 


SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : A Memorandum for the Record to justify the 

funding of this rather basic research states: "Some of the uses 
proposed for these particular animals would involve possible 
delivery systems for 3W/CW agents or ror direct executive action- 
type operations as distinguished from the eavesdropping applica- 
tion . . 


FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM : Human Ecology Fund 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $7,500 



i 


3£><r 


RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS: 


(, 




mm. 


cleared for lOP SECREi, 
and believed to have been witting 

Unknown if witting 
Unknown if witting 



OTHER SPONSORS: 


Executive-Director of thatj 
NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: 



APPROVERS : Sidney Gottlieb 

C.V.S. Roosevelt 


T 







Proj . "M3 


sr-t 


r_ i 

;l l 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 143 

PRINCIPAL • RFSEARCHER AND LOCATION: 


Associate Professor of Biology 
University of Houston, Texas 


OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To determine if the growth of 

mi croorgan i sms in petroleum products can be markedly increased 
by the addition of substatic concentrations of anti-microbial 
agents. May have wide application to all areas of biological 
sabotage . 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : January 1353 - December 1964 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: Biological Sabotage 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Gesnickter Fund for Medical Research 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 541,500 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : Research assistants - unwitting 

OTHER SPONSORS : None identified 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Raymond Treichler 


Sidney Gottlieb 


APPROVERS: 



E2 IMPDET 




orpn^i 


t; 





3*1 


SUB- PROJECT NO. 144 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 
OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS 
FUNDING: 

COVER MECHANISM : 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 

OTHER SPONSORS : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 

APPROVERS: 


Unknown 

Unknown 


1963 


Unknown 


$26,000 
No details 
Unknown 
Ray Treichler 
Sidney Gottlieb 



E2 


*>*) I 


.Proj. 145 




SUB-PROJECT No. 145 
PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER ANO LOCATION : 
OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : 
APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 

OTHER SPONSORS : 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : 

APPROVERS: 




Unknown 

Unknown 

1963 

Unknown 

$15,500 

Unknown 

Unknown 

Ray Treichler 

Sidney Gotti ieb 



112 


i 


~0 •: 
"S * 

o 


cr» 


S'? 3 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 145 


PRINCIPAL .RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : The purpose of this project was 

to provide the services of a plant pathologist to assist in 
developing a philosophy of limited anticrop warfare. A study 
was made of sugar cane crop vulnerabili ties , on a world-wide 
basis. 



APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1963 - 1964 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : Potential harm to human beings by destroying 

food crops. 


FUNDING: 


COVER MECHANISM : None 

APPROXIMATE TOTAL : $7,500, paid by sterile Cashier’s checks 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS: , witting 

unwi tting 


OTHER SPONSORS: 


NAMES OF C IA MONITORS: 
APPROVERS: 



Sidney Gottlieb 



E2 IMPDET 



37b 


PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: Dr. Harris Isbell 


OBJECTIVE AND PE i AILS OF WORK 
psychom iine tic drug." 
APPROXIMATE T I HE SPAN : 1963 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: Unknown 


‘Cross-tolerance between 


1964 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM :' Not indicated 
APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 53,806 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : Dr. Harris Isbell 



OTHER SPONSORS : Unknown 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Ray==i- Trei chi er 

APPROVERS: Not indicated 




37 A 



SUB-PROJECT NO. 148 



PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION: • 



OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : To provide a mechanism to 

utilize the services of a recognized authority in 

the field of toxicology and pharmacology in support of Technical 
Services Division activity concerned with influencing animal 
and human behavior. 


APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : 1953 - 1964 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS : None 

FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : None 

APPROXIMATE FUNDING : 55,000 - sterile check 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : Unknown 
OTHER SPONSOR : Unknown 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS : Ray Treicnler 

APPROVERS: Sidney Gottlieb 








zi *v - 


SEC 


'SEE 


SUB-PROJECT NO. 149 (See also Nos. 3, 16 and 42) 

PRINCIPAL RESEARCHER AND LOCATION : New York City 

OBJECTIVE AND DETAILS OF WORK : The file contains no project' 

description but states: "To support covert and realistic field 
tests on certain R&D items of interest to Technical Services 
Di vi s ion/Biol ogi cal Branch" . 

APPROXIMATE TIME SPAN : January 1964 - March 1965 

SIGNIFICANT ASPECTS: None 


FUNDING : 

COVER MECHANISM : Sterile Checks 
APPROXIMATE TOTAL : 510,000 

RESEARCH PARTICIPANT : 

OTHER SPONSORS : None indicated 

NAMES OF CIA MONITORS: Ray Treichler 


APPROVER: Sidney Gottlieb 


ATTACHMENT: Admiral turner's EYES ONLY 



NOT 



Admi ral 


lurner -- 



ONLY 


Tjn's file appears in all respects to be a duplicate 
of the Morgan Hall (alias). File, Sub-Project No. 3. It may 
have been a continuation of Hall's work in New York City 
after he went to the West Coast (Sub-Project No. 42). 




38a 


Contents of Newly-Oi scovered MKUL I RA Material 


The attached listing was recovered with the material contained 
in the seven boxes of MKULTRA documents recently located in the 
Retired Records Center. It is useful in that it identifies parti- 
cipating researchers, the institutions in which they worked, and 
the CIA officials who monitored their work. However, it should 
not be considered a total list of the names and locations found 
in the recovered files. ' . 


C 





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